Unit 8 Arrivals and departures Active reading 1 The armchair traveller 1. Leading-in 2. Language Points 3. Guided Writing 4. Presentation and Exercises Lead-in Background Information Marcel Pagnol (1895–1974) was a popular French writer of novels and plays. He directed films for cinema and TV as well. His work centres on human dramas and comedies in Provence. He also wrote lyrical and humorous memoirs of his family and life in the south of France. Two of his most successful novels, which were also made into films, are Jean de Florette (恋恋山城) and Manon des Sources (甘泉玛侬). He was the first film director to be elected to the Académie Française (法兰西 文学院). Pablo Picasso (1881–1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor, considered by many as the greatest artist and innovator of styles and techniques in 20th-century art. He painted over 20,000 works. He lived for a time in Paris. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (亚维浓姑娘) (1907) and Guernica (格尔尼卡) (1937), his depiction of the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. Paul Cezanne (1839–1906) was a French painter, known as one of the greatest postimpressionists. His works and ideas informed many 20th-century artists. He lived for years at Aix-en-Provence in the south of France. Among his most famous works are Mont Sainte Victoire (圣维克多山) and Still Life with Apples and Oranges (静物苹果篮子). Mont Sainte Victoire Still Life with Apples and Oranges Vincent Van Gogh (1853–1890) was a Dutch painter, influenced by impressionists, but he had his own unique style. Some of his bestknown works were painted at Arles in the south of France during one of his most creative periods. Among his most famous works is Sunflowers or Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers (向日葵). Graham Greene (1904–1991) was a prolific English writer of novels, short stories, plays and film scripts. His works often deal with moral issues, with adventure and suspense. He lived for long periods in Nice, in the south of France. Among his most famous works are The Third Man (第 三个人) and The Power and the Glory (权力与荣耀). Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961) was a US novelist and short story writer, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. His work is noted for the masculinity of his writing and a succinct, clear, apparently simple style. He worked for some years as a journalist in Paris. Among his most famous works are The Old Man and the Sea (老人与海) and A Farewell to Arms (永别了，武器). Emile Zola (1840–1902) was one of the most prominent French novelists of the late 19th century and also a journalist. He carried out detailed research and observation for many novels, aiming to show the lives of ordinary people working in factories and mines. Among his most famous works is Nana (娜娜). Roger Vadim (1928–2000) was a French actor, film director and journalist, who launched the career of Brigitte Bardot (碧姬 · 芭铎) in the film And God Created Woman. The scene of Bardot dancing barefoot on a table remains one of the most erotic scenes in French cinema. He was married to her for five years as one of his five marriages. Brigitte Bardot (1934– ) is a French fashion model and film star of the 1950s and 1960s, known internationally as simply “BB”. She escaped from her family with Roger Vadim to the fashionable port of St Tropez, in the south of France. Their marriage was the first of her four marriages. She later became a leading figure advocating animal welfare. Tropezien beaches are located along the coast in the Baie de Pampelonne in southern France. Pampelonne offers a collection of beaches along its five-kilometre shore. Each beach is around thirty metres wide with its own beach hut and private or public tanning area. Many of the beaches offer windsurfing, sailing and canoeing equipment for rent, while others offer motorized water sports, such as power boats, jet bikes and water skiing. Some of the private beaches are naturist beaches. The Cannes Film Festival (戛纳电影节 ) founded in 1946, is one of the world’s oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals alongside Venice and Berlin. The private festival is held annually (usually in the month of May) at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, in the resort town of Cannes, in the south of France. The most prestigious award given out at Cannes is the Palme d’Or (“Golden Palm”) for the best film. Language points • Sentence Study • Word Study Sentence Study His lifestyle was modest and his financial circumstances allowed him to spend his days in an old and comfortable armchair, wearing a dressing gown and reading great works of literature. (Para 2) What does the sentence mean? The sentence means that George was not very poor, but certainly not rich. His income made it possible for him to read literature all day (he didn’t need to work). And when he arrived, he would have to find a hotel, sleep in an unfamiliar bed, and look for the sights, sounds and smells which his dreams had already been so effective in describing to him. (Para 8) What does the sentence mean? Before travelling to the south of France, George had been reading about it, vividly imagining and dreaming about what it would be like. He thought he already knew what it was like, so he questioned whether it was worth the trouble of the journey. … as a stranger, he would never experience the warmth and colours of his mind. (Para 9) What does the sentence mean? Strangers and visitors might find it dificult to experience fully the local sights and culture, but George thought he had already done so in his imagination (of course, this is questionable). Translate the sentence into Chinese. 作为一个陌生人，他永远也不可能体验到他想象中的 融融暖意和缤纷色彩。 Perhaps the Provence of Pagnol, like elsewhere in the world, might be the reality. (Para 9) What does the sentence mean? This raises the interesting question of the nature of reality: Is it what we imagine from reading novels (perhaps like Pagnol’s novels about a rural life) or is it what we might actually see as visitors or tourists (a quick snapshot of current life)? George concluded that it was not worthwhile to travel. It was too much trouble because he had already seen the places in his imagination through reading. Word Study cynical adj. believing the worst of human nature and motives For examples: 1. She is getting more cynical about life. 2. Since her divorce, she’s become very cynical about man. 3. A person who is cynical about the good intentions of strangers, rarely talks to anyone on train journeys. pessimistic adj. expecting the worst in this worst of all possible worlds Write down the word according to its definition. the habit of thinking that whatever happens will be bad a person who expects the worst pessimism pessimist 1. He was feeling pessimistic about the future. 2. The man who is a pessimist before forty-eight knows too much; the man who is an optimist after forty-eight knows too little. instinct n. natural tendency to behave in a certain way without reasoning or training 本能；天性 Complete the sentences with appropriate prepositions. by instinct. 1. Birds learn to fly _____ for always doing and 2. He seems to have an instinct _____ saying the right thing. on instinct and threw 3. When I saw the flames I acted ______ a blanket over them. with life and beauty. 4. The picture is instinct ______ imagination n. the act of imagining or the ability to imagine Complete the sentences with the words in the box. imagination imaginative imaginable imaginary imagine imagination The little boy’s story shows plenty of ______________. imagine George cooking the dinner? Can you __________ imaginary All the events described in this story are ___________. imaginative writer. Scott was an ____________ imaginable getting here in time. We had the greatest difficulty __________ realization n. 1) (an experience of) understanding and believing 2) the becoming real (of a hope or plan) Translate the sentences. 1. 我突然意识到可能再也见不着她了。 I was struck by the sudden realization that I would probably never see her again. 2. 他很高兴他的希望实现了。 The realization of his hopes made him very happy. nuisance n. a person, animal, action, or thing that annoys or causes trouble讨厌的东西；讨厌的人 Translate the sentences. 1. The noise was so loud that it was a nuisance to the neighbors. 声音大得让邻居讨厌。 2. 真讨厌！我忘了带入场券了。 What a nuisance! I’ve forgotten my ticket. by choice with intention 自愿地 Translate the sentences. 1.He has grown interested in nursery education first by force of circumstance but later by choice. 开始由于形势所迫，但后来出于自己的选择，他逐渐对 幼儿教育感兴趣起来。 2.她是自愿帮助她的朋友的。 She helped her friend by choice. in comparison with / to comparing 与……相比 Translate the sentences. 1.和其他学生相比，麦克更加勤勉一些。 In comparison with other students, Mike is more diligent. 2.伦敦最高的房屋同纽约的摩天大厦比较起来，仍然很小。 The tallest buildings in London are small in comparison with the skyscrapers of New York. Guided Writing Look at the following sentences. Underline the words which introduce examples. 1. For example, before you go, look out for news and current events about the area you’re planning to visit. 2. Respect local customs and traditions, such as wearing the right clothes or being careful about taking photos. 3. Your belongings, like cameras, wristwatches or jewellery, may create a barrier between you and the local people. 4.... you may be using valuable resources, for instance, water, wood and food, which may already be under pressure. Home Find other sentences which use the same words and expressions. 1. Take home everything you brought, such as packaging, paper and litter. 2. Don’t take home anything you didn’t bring and which may have an impact on the environment, such as plants or souvenirs made from animal products. 3. Support the local economy. For example, eat local food and use local transport, restaurants, markets and guides. 4. There’s lots more you can do, for instance, you can stay in touch with the people and the places you visited, and share your experiences with people back home and read up about what you’ve learnt. Home Assignment Write a short passage about a place you know and what you should do to be a responsible visitor there. Describe where it is. Lashihai Watershed is situated along … Say why it’s a good place to visit. It has been established as a nature reserve by … Give examples of what you can do to be a responsible tourist there. There are many attractions on offer, such as birdwatching and … Home Presentation and Exercises Thank you!