How is the Korean War relevant to US containment policy ? Emily Gubbay Claire Rosset TL5 Introduction The problem in Korea Korea was to be occupied north of the 38th parallel by Soviet Russia and to the south by a United States military administration. Korea was split : a communist north led by Kim IL Sung, and a non-communist south led by Syngman Rhee. Neither dictator was content to remain on his side of the border and the Republic of Korea was invaded by the North Korean Peoples' Army on 25 June 1950. Why did the US get involved ? As communism was growing, the US feared this was not simply a border dispute but the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world. Domino Theory and NSC68 recommended “containment” of communist expansionism. Non intervention was not an option. “If we let Korea down, the Soviets will keep right on going and swallow up one place after another.”- President Harry Truman. The war was a symbol of the global struggle between east and west. The War Specifics September 1950 : NKPA almost conquered South Korea. USA got the United Nations to send troops to defend SK. October 1950: UN forces almost conquered North Korea. November 1950 : Chinese People's Volunteers attacked and drove the Americans back. They recaptured North Korea, and advanced into South Korea. 1951-1953 : Border clashes 1953 : America's new president Eisenhower offered peace A Demilitarised Zone was established on the border Was Containment a success ? The US was not ready in 1948 for another war, especially with problems in Berlin and China. After having fought for 3 years, the US only gained little and remained at the 38th parallel. They did not manage to eliminate the communist dictatorship. North Korea is now a totalitarian, Stalinist dictatorship with a cult of the personality around the Kim family and one of the lowest-ranking human rights records of any country. North Korea had the lowest Democracy Index of any nation. The effects of the Korean War on America The US could not accept the loss of what they considered an easy war, and so blamed Truman. The loss of the war lead to two treaties in 1951 with Japan and the Philippines, and a defense pact ANZUS. After this war, containment was not only economic and political but also military. Conclusion Bibliography http://www.bbc.co.uk http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize http://www.history.com http://www.history.navy.mil http://www.koreanwar.org United States 1817-2008 Collins, Flagship History Did you know ? Unlike WWII and Vietnam, the Korean War did not get much media attention in the United States. The most famous representation of the war in popular culture is the television series “M*A*S*H” set in a field hospital in South Korea.