French and Indian War Graphic Organizer Conflict in the Ohio River Valley, Native Americans, George Washington, Major Events, and the Treaty of Paris Conflict in the Ohio River Valley • England and France both want this region for settlement and trade purposes. • 1740:English settlers along the Atlantic Coast move over the Appalachian Mountains to trade with Native Americans. • France wanted to stop the English from expanding westward. Native Americans • Native Americans first owned the land in the Ohio River Valley. • This group of people protected themselves by choosing a side with the French and British. – French were allies the Algonquins and the Hurons. – British were allies with the Iroquois. A Bold Young Leader • George Washington was from Virginia and was a land surveyor. • Assigned by the Virginia governor to build a fort in the Ohio River Valley. • The French had already built a fort in the same area. Washington launched a surprise attack on the French and built a stockade known as Fort Necessity. • He proved to be successful under pressure. Major Events • French victories early in the war: Ft. Dusquesne, Oswego, and William Henry. • William Pitt becomes the new leader of the British government and replaces many generals. • Britain becomes victorious and defeats the French at Ft. Niagara, Ticonderoga, and Captures Louisburg and Quebec. Treaty of Paris • 1763 • Marked the end of French power in North America. • Britain gained Canada and all French land east of the MS River, except New Orleans. They also received Florida. • France kept only two islands in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the West Indies. • Spain gained all French land west of the MS River including New Orleans.