French and Indian War - Madison County Schools

French and Indian War
Graphic Organizer
Conflict in the Ohio River Valley, Native
Americans, George Washington, Major Events,
and the Treaty of Paris
Conflict in the Ohio River Valley
• England and France both want this region for
settlement and trade purposes.
• 1740:English settlers along the Atlantic Coast
move over the Appalachian Mountains to
trade with Native Americans.
• France wanted to stop the English from
expanding westward.
Native Americans
• Native Americans first owned the land in the
Ohio River Valley.
• This group of people protected themselves by
choosing a side with the French and British.
– French were allies the Algonquins and the Hurons.
– British were allies with the Iroquois.
A Bold Young Leader
• George Washington was from Virginia and was
a land surveyor.
• Assigned by the Virginia governor to build a
fort in the Ohio River Valley.
• The French had already built a fort in the
same area. Washington launched a surprise
attack on the French and built a stockade
known as Fort Necessity.
• He proved to be successful under pressure.
Major Events
• French victories early in the war: Ft.
Dusquesne, Oswego, and William Henry.
• William Pitt becomes the new leader of the
British government and replaces many
• Britain becomes victorious and defeats the
French at Ft. Niagara, Ticonderoga, and
Captures Louisburg and Quebec.
Treaty of Paris
• 1763
• Marked the end of French power in North
• Britain gained Canada and all French land east of
the MS River, except New Orleans. They also
received Florida.
• France kept only two islands in the Gulf of St.
Lawrence and the West Indies.
• Spain gained all French land west of the MS River
including New Orleans.