Arab Spring Honors List • Regime change: Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Yemen; • On the way: Syria; • Major political reforms: Morocco ; • Substantial reforms: Jordan, Bahrain, and Algeria; • Minor reforms: Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the Palestinian Authority. • “We must educate our children to become like young Egyptian people.” Barak Obama, US President • “We must consider teaching the Egyptian revolution in schools.” David Cameron, British Prime Minister • “There is nothing new in Egypt. Egyptians are making history as usual.” Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy • “The people of Egypt, are the greatest people of earth; and they deserve a Nobel Prize for Peace. To all Egyptian: Be proud to be Egyptian.” Heinz Fischer, Austrian President • “Today we are all Egyptians.” Jens Stoltenberg, Prime Minister of Norway EGYPT Let them entertain themselves!!! • • • • • • • The Facebook Revolution of the Youth; Social networking, Internet, and Intranet; Initial demands…, and elevation of ceiling; The 18-day rally and 60 year-long observation; The doves and the vultures; Hijacking the revolution; The military institution (SCAF) and the Vacuum of power. Value of Stability to Egypt - A seven-thousand year civilization; -The political, social, and economical dimensions of stability. www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east12017462 Jan. 25, 2011, What next? • Theocratic Rule, Political Islam and the Secularism; • The clash between the Muslim Brotherhood and the state (the curse and blessing); • Liberal and reforms movements; • The manipulation of religion in politics; • The parliamentary and presidential elections; • The Muslim Brotherhood rule in Egypt. Cultural Inclusion in Egypt • • • • • • Egypt as a homogeneous society; Religious diversity in Egypt; Sectorial/religious violence; The migration of Copts from Egypt; The new constitution and civil rights; Future political scenarios.