Ch 29 Quiz on WWI – Friday 3/11 Midterm – Tues 3/15 45a - identify the causes of World War I including Balkan nationalism, entangling alliances, and militarism 45b - describe the conditions of total war on the war front for soldiers including the Battle of Verdun, and on the home front of warring nations 45c - explain the major decisions made in the Versailles Treaty and other treaties including German reparations and the mandate system that replaced Ottoman control 45d - analyze the destabilization of Europe in the collapse of the great empires including the Romanov and Hapsburg dynasties What were the causes of WWI? How did WWI change the world? “The War to End All Wars” Famous alumni: Ernest Hemmingway, Humphrey Bogart, Walt Disney, Harry Truman …. And Adolph Hitler 230 soldiers killed per hour for 4.5 years straight! 58,000 British troops were killed in ONE DAY at the Battle of the Somme First use of guide dogs by blinded soldiers. First use of chlorine & mustard gas. First use of the flame thrower. First tank battle. First use of mass airplanes. Militarism policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war Alliances agreements between nations to aid and protect one another Nationalism pride in or devotion to one’s country Imperialism when one country takes over another country economically and/or politically Assassination murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand “I want one Slavic state! Get out of Bosnia!” “AHHHH ” Assassinated in Sarajevo by a Serbian National Reason: 1908 – Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia-Herzegovina Serbian leaders wanted to rule Bosnia-Herzegovina This is Serbian ________________. Serbians were OUTRAGED! Causes of World War I - Assassination Gavrilo Princip after his assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Black Hand - a secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian rule. Declares War A l l i e s A l l i e s A l l i e s A l l i e s Allied Powers: Central Powers: Germany Great Britain France Austria-Hungary World War I Russia Ottoman Empire Italy Who were the Allies? Who were the Central powers? What assassination started the war? Where did it occur? “The men slept in mud, washed in mud, ate mud, and dreamed mud.” One reason why casualties were so high in WWI Much of this occurred on France’s border on the Western Front http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guid AssetId=149E5FF0-1775-48B7-B1802ECCE5ECF5C4&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guid AssetId=B43B7A94-5EFD-4667-A660542BCFD4462C&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US What does M.A.N.I.A. stand for? What nations were in the Triple Alliance? What nations were in the Triple Entente? Who were the Allies? Who were the Central powers? What assassination started the war? Where did it occur? Why were causalities so high in WWI? On what country’s border did most of the fighting take place? Countries devote ALL resources to the war effort Everyone works to win the war – even at home Propaganda – one-sided information designed to persuade, to keep up morale and support for the war U.S. joins in 1917 Russia pulls out because of problems at home – Revolution on the horizon! Armistice (agreement to stop fighting) on November 11, 1918 ALLIED VICTORY!!! What country ends up getting the worst of it? League of Nations Territorial losses Military restrictions War Guilt International organization aimed at preventing future conflict Germany returns Alsace-Loraine Germany – no subs, no air force, limits placed on size of military Germany takes blame Germany loses its overseas colonies Germany forced to pay $33 billion in war reparations Why were casualties so high in WWI? What is total war? Where did most of the trench fighting on the Western front take place? What conditions were placed on Germany as a result of the Treaty of Versailles?