Chapter 12 Test Review

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Chapter 12 Test Review
World War I
People, Places and Things
• Casualties
soldiers killed, wounded or missing
• Influenza
a viral illness
• Reparations
payment for war damages
• Creditor nation
a country that owes less money than they
borrow
People, Places and Things
• Western Front
section of the French border that was critical
to winning the war
• Lusitania
British passenger ship
• Selective Service Act
authorized military draft
• Espionage Act
Banned written material that included
negative things about the US government or
WWI
People, Places and Things
• John J. Pershing
commander of US forces during WWI
• George Creel
director of the Committee on Public
Information
• Vladimir Lenin
radical communist leader who took over
Russia in March 1917
• Bernard Baruch
head of the war industries board
Concepts
• What nations make up the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
• In 1916, the US was participating in
“preparedness”. What does this mean?
building up the U.S. military
• What was Herbert Hoover’s significance in
history during this time?
Responsible for agricultural polices of the
US during WWI
Concepts
• What was the purpose of the Committee on
Public Information?
Give info to the public about the war to
help win their support for it
• Why did the Germans surrender in 1918?
Many soldiers were no longer willing to
fight
• What was the purpose of convoys?
prevent submarine attacks on ships
Concepts
• What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
an agreement between countries for defense
• Who were the two Italian anarchists who were
convicted and executed for murder even though
there was no evidence against them.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
• Why did President Wilson want the US to remain
neutral prior to WWI?
Because the U.S. was so ethnically diverse, he
was worried it would cause violence in the
U.S.
Concepts
• What event made American public opinion turn
against Germany?
invasion of Belgium
• What was the immediate cause of the U.S. entry
into World War I?
the Zimmerman note
• What role would an internationalist think that
the US should play in WWI?
use its influence to try and end the war
Concepts
• How did WWI impact the American economy?
it increased regulation
• Upon what right did the Sedition Act infringe?
Freedom of speech
• Why did the Great Migration occur?
During WWI, there was a demand for jobs
in the North so African Americans moved
there to get jobs and escape Jim Crow laws
Concepts
• How many American troops served in combat
during WWI?
1,300,000
• How many Americans died in combat during
WWI?
more than 50,000
• Where did American troops do most of their
fighting?
on the Western Front
Concepts
• What nation was the world’s economic leader
after WWI?
The United States baby!!
• What did Warren G. Harding promise to the
American people when he became president?
A return to “normalcy”-a simpler way of
life
• Why was the postwar period difficult for
farmers?
Food prices decreased
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