Sokoto Caliphate Basically. . . … Western Sudan Songhai Borno Collapsed Who? Usman Dan Fodio Muslim scholar Wanted to create a strong Muslim nation Angered by Hausa Kings and their mixture of Islam with other cultures Objective: Restore Muslim Series of world reforms Jihad Revolution that would overthrow existing authorities And so. . . … When Did It Exist? • The Sokoto Caliphate began in 1804, started by Usman dan Fodio. • 1809 Muhammad Bello, Usman’s son, founded Sokoto, the capital. • 1817 Usman died and Muhammad Bello took over. • The Oyo Calvary in Ilorin was defeated in 1820. • From 1808 to 1830, there was a period of great expansion. • 1837 the Sokoto Caliphate had a population of around 10 million people. • 1891 the Caliphate was at war with Argungu. • 1902 the British continued their expansion into Nigeria and moved into the Sokoto Caliphate. People of Sokoto Caliphate Key Information • Islam was widespread in Sokoto Caliphate. • Arabic was used to control relations with neighboring countries. • Relationships with the Europeans were bad especially during the fight for the How did it rise? • A revolution which swept across Bilad Sudan in 1817 lead to the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate. What were the factors? • 31 different emirates a united to become strong and powerful http://www.academia.edu/518525/Ibn_Khald un_Cyclical_Theory_and_The_Rise_and_Fall_o f_Sokoto_Caliphate_Nigeria_West_Africa Decline • Collapsed under pressure from colonialism that destroyed traditional trading patterns. • In 1904, the British brought the Caliphate system to an end by invading. http://nigerianwiki.com/index.php?title=Sokot o_Caliphate Importance • Strong for political and religious power Sources… • Helen Chapin Metz, ed. Nigeria: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991. • "Historical Dictionary." Sokoto Caliphate. History Today, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014. • Mudasiru, Sheriff. “Sokoto Caliphate: It’s Rise and Fall”. International Islamic University Malaysia. N.p, n.d. 10 March 2014. Web.