Uploaded by Mi Mi


I. Definition:
Human Resources is the management of various activities that are designed to
enhance the effectiveness of the manpower in an organisation in the achievement
oforganisational goals.
Human Resource Management (HRM) may be defined as the function of planning for
human resource needsand recruitment, selection, development, compensation and
evaluation ofperformance to fill those needs.
II. Structure of Human Resources Department
III. Proccess
Human Resource Planning is the process of determining future human resource needs relative to
an organisation’s strategic plan and devising the steps necessary to meet those needs.
Parts of HRM
1. Forecasting Manpower Demand
putting right number of people, right kind of people at the right place, right time, doing the right
things for which they are suited for the achievement of goals of the organization
2. Forecasting Manpower Supply
Key to managerial functions
Better human relations
Higher productivity
3. Human Resource Actions
Staffing is defined as filling and keeping filled, positions in the organisation. Take into account
internal factors of the firm such as Personnel Policies, Climate in organisation, Appraisal System.
Eg: with changes in technology need for hiring workers who can work with high technology
A. Recruitment is the process of identifying and attempting to attract candidates who are
 To attract those applicants
 Effective selection depends on effective recruitment.
Sources of Recruitment
Internal Recruitment
External Recruitment
Referrals by Current Employees
B. Selection:
1. Preliminary screening
2. Application blank
3. Selection tests: Intelligence tests, personality tests, knowledge tests, performance tests.
4. Comprehension tests: Structured, Semi-structured, Unstructured
5. Reference check: Mail, Phone, Person
6. Physical examination
7. Making the final decision
C. Socialization: Process of adaption by new employee
1. Initial Socialization: occurs during recruitment, selection, and during introductory training
efforts by firm.
2. Extended Socialization: aims at making recruit feel that he or she is an integral part of the
Salary, wages, allowances
be legal
be motivation
be adequate
be equitable
be security
be effective