Uploaded by Elijah Sevilla

Earthquake Hazards

A sudden rapid shaking of the
ground caused by the shifting of
rocks beneath the earth’s surface.
They strike suddenly, without
warning, and can occur at any
time of the year – day or night.
Community Level
Make a list/map of the infrastructure
in the area which will be at high risk
during an earthquake, open spaces
for evacuation, emergency service
providing agencies, etc.
Community Level
Community Level
Form local community volunteer
groups and organize for them on fire
safety first aid and emergency
search and rescue.
Community Level
Initiate local disaster management
Take initiative for raising awareness
to the whole community.
School Level
Organize different task forces
consisting of the trained students and
School Level
Practice Drop-Cover-Hold and
evacuation drill ensuring participation
of all students.
Initiate school based disaster
management level.
School Level
School Level
Organize awareness raising events
for students on regular basis such as
drawing or writing and debate
competition on the theme of
earthquake preparedness.
School Level
Identify the structural and nonstructural risks of the school and take
necessary measures to reduce the
School Level
Ensure comprehensive preparedness
and risk reduction action plan and
implementation through the School
Management Committee.
School Level
Update the school disaster
management plan on regular basis
and ensure an inclusive planning
approach considering the persons
with disability.
Stay indoors until shaking stops
and you are sure it is safe to exit.
If on the ground floor of an
adobe house with a heavy roof –
exit quickly.
Find a clear spot away
from overhead hazards.
until the shaking stops.
Stay outside and remain in
open areas away from
If in a multi-storey building – be
careful both during and after the
If in a vehicle,- go to a clear location
and pull over.
After the shaking stops
• Expect aftershocks
• Check for damage and stay out of
damaged buildings.
• Extinguish flames and small fires.
• Look for and prevent fire hazards.
• Out on sturdy shoes before moving
cautiously to evacuate.
• Don’t run. Don’t talk. Don’t push.
Assist others to evacuate.
• Take evacuation “lifeline kit” when
Coastal Areas
• Move away from water to higher
• Do not return to the shore as waves
may continue to arrive for hours.
Coastal Areas
Stay informed and listen to official
tsunami alerts. Prepare to evacuate.
Coastal Areas
If the shaking of a strong
earthquake last 20 seconds or longer,
or if you see receding waters at the
shoreline – do not wait for an official
tsunami warning to take action.
Mountanous Areas
• Stay alert.
• Watch and listen for:
 Falling rocks and other debris.
 Unusual sounds like cracking trees.
 Sudden increase/decrease in water
 Local dams/dykes or levees prone
to damage.
Mountanous Areas
• Tune into your early warning
• If there is a landslide or flood
warning – leave if it is safe to do so.
• Fasten bookcases/display cabinets
and other tall and heavy
furniture to the wall.
• Secure gas and electrical
• Install latches on cabinets and
• Anchor computers and televisions.
• Secure fire extinguishers.
• Move beds away from windows.
Know the area.
Solid foundations.
Leave sufficient space.
Avoid unstable foundations.
Avoid known earthquake faults.
Build and maintain your building
with earthquakes in mind.
• Rigorously follow anti-seismic
building codes for you area.
• Appropriate foundation
• Simple shapes
• Even distribution of structural
• Use the appropriate quality and
quantity of materials.
• Protect your building from water
and moisture damage.
• Review the overall safety of your
building periodically.
• Be aware of what can help
• When possible, consult a qualified
engineer or skilled professional.
• Check for any building
adaptations or alterations that
might have adversely affected
safety of the structure.
• Implement retrofit.