CHEMICAL ENERGY Geothermal Energy Chemical energy is energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds, like atoms and molecules. This energy is released when a chemical reaction takes place. Geothermal energy refers to the production of energy using the internal heat of the Earth’s crust. Solar Energy Solar energy refers to technologies that convert the sun's heat or light to another form of energy for use. Example: Groundwater is naturally heated by the internal heat of the Earth’s crust. This water is extracted and pumped through pipes used to heat homes directly. CHEMICAL ENERGY Hydropower Example: solar panels connected to a generator CHEMICAL ENERGY Nuclear Energy Hydropower or hydroelectricity refers to the conversion of energy from flowing water into electricity. Nuclear energy is released from the nucleus of atoms through the processes of fission or fusion. Example: The generating station and dam in Campbell River (from the virtual tour) MECHANICAL ENERGY Example: The nuclear power plant in The Simpsons CHEMICAL ENERGY Hydrogen Tidal Power Hydrogen is an energy carrier, not an energy source. It is an efficient way to store and transport energy. Tidal power converts the energy from the natural rise and fall of the tides into electricity. Example: Toyota has made a hydrogen fuel-cell semitruck. It produces zero emissions. CHEMICAL ENERGY Examples: tidal turbines are similar to wind turbines, but they are underwater, and they are turned by the movement of water not wind MECHANICAL ENERGY Wind Energy Biomass Wind Energy refers to technology that converts the air’s motion into mechanical energy usually for electricity production. Example: The wind farm in Merritt, BC is generating electricity. MECHANICAL ENERGY Biomass refers to the organic material that is used for production of energy. This energy production process is referred to as Bioenergy. Example: burning wood for heat CHEMICAL ENERGY MECHANICAL ENERGY Mechanical energy is the sum of kinetic and potential energy in an object that is used to do work. In other words, it is energy in an object due to its motion or position, or both.