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Chapter 14, 2015

Chapter 14 - Southern Empires, Southern Seas, 1200-1500
DUE DATE 1/5/16
1. The tropics are warm all year round. The center of the tropical zone is marked by the
a. polar caps.
b. Gulf Stream.
c. equator.
d. Sahara Desert.
e. none of these.
2. The rainy and dry seasons in the Indian Ocean reflect the influence of alternating winds known as
a. the monsoons.
b. the jet stream.
c. the Gulf Stream.
d. "El Niño".
e. the Himalayas.
3. By 1200 human migrations had spread many useful plants and animals from the Indo-Malayan region to
Africa, including
a. bananas, yams, and cocoyams.
b. corn, beans, and squash.
c. wheat, millet, and barley.
d. rice, kiwi, and manioc.
e. tea, spelt, and barley.
4. The form of extensive agriculture that was used in sub-Saharan Africa is characterized as
a. hunting and gathering.
b. marginal cultivation.
c. intensive cultivation.
d. shifting cultivation.
e. selective cultivation.
5. The greatest network of irrigation canals between the 14-19th century was found in the Delhi Sultanate of
a. Ceylon.
b. Great Zimbabwe.
c. Mali.
d. China.
e. India.
6. The Tuareg were
a. Islamic missionaries who reached the sub-Saharan region.
b. traders from the caravans between Arabia and Libya.
c. western Saharan pastoralists and caravan guides.
d. herders of camels and llamas in the Gold Coast region.
e. descendants of the Dutch in South Africa.
7. The most abundant metal worked in the tropics was
a. bronze.
b. titanium.
c. iron.
d. silver.
e. platinum.
8. Which of the following is not true of pastoralists?
a. The milk of their animals was more important than the meat.
b. Pastoral groups in India were less numerous.
c. Pastoralism did not allow for extensive cultivation.
d. The largest concentration of pastoralists in the world was in northeastern Africa and
e. All of the above.
9. The empires of Mali in West Africa and of Delhi in South Asia both utilized
a. Islamic administration.
b. papal administration.
c. Orthodox Buddhist administration.
d. a scholar bureaucracy.
e. the electoral system.
10. The spread of Islam through the Sahara was by conquest while the spread of Islam to lands south of the
Sahara came about through
a. war.
b. forced conversion.
c. a gradual and peaceful process of conversion through increasing commercial contacts.
d. the missionary efforts of the Arabs during the Umayyad Caliphate.
e. the travels of Ibn Battuta.
11. According to Malinke legends, the founder of Mali was
a. a Shi'ite imam.
b. Marco Polo.
c. Sundiata.
d. Sumanguru.
e. Agamemnon.
12. Mali derived significant income from
a. shifting agriculture trade with Yoruba
b. the slave trade with Portugal.
c. control of gold and copper trade with North African Muslim traders.
d. coffee trade with Ethopia.
e. glass trade with Benin.
13. Mansa Kankan Musa, the ruler of Mali, made a famous pilgrimage that
a. spread Christianity to West Africa.
b. demonstrated the enormous wealth of his country.
c. led to the Christian Crusades.
d. was inspired by the death of Muhammad.
e. brought about his untimely death.
14. In addition to fulfilling his personal religious obligations, Mansa Kankan Musa's pilgrimage resulted in
a. disappearance of Buddhist practice in Mali.
b. decrease in Malian taxes.
c. contraction of the Malian economy.
d. construction of new mosques and Quranic schools in Mali.
e. conversion of all Malians to Islam.
15. Afghan and Turkish invaders were able to successfully invade India because of
a. the threats of Mongol Il-khans.
b. a desire to spread the Islamic faith and to acquire plunder.
c. the prospect of learning Indian technology and mathematics.
d. the division of India into warring small states.
e. all of these.
16. The Turkish conquest of northern India was aided by
a. bronze cannon.
b. muskets.
c. crossbows.
d. epidemic disease.
e. Indian rebellions.
17. Sultan Iltutmish passed his empire to Raziya, his
a. daughter.
b. eldest son.
c. youngest son.
d. adviser.
e. regent.
18. The most significant factor contributing to agriculture in the Delhi Sultanate was
a. slave labor on sugar plantations.
b. a switch to the three-field crop rotation system.
c. the use of swidden agricultural practices.
d. extensive irrigation canals.
e. staple crops, including cucumbers and melons.
19. When the Delhi Sultanate began to lose control of its realm, new kingdoms emerged in India called
Bahmani in the Deccan plateau and this kingdom in the southern states of the Indian subcontinent:
a. Siam.
b. Sind.
c. Vijayanagar.
d. Gujarat.
e. Assam.
20. Sultan Muhammed ibn Tughluq was noted by Chronicler Ibn Battuta as being remarkable for his
a. extravagance
b. religious toleration
c. passion for justice through Shar'ia
d. alienation of the Brahmins
e. establishment of a Quranic school at his Hall of a Thousand Pillars
21. For all of its shortcomings, the Delhi Sultanate triggered the development of
a. reliable and safe water supply to the region.
b. new irrigation system of qanats to the region.
c. safe haven for religious exiles.
d. centralized political authority to India.
e. new unifying religion in the form of Islam.
22. Which of the following helped to increase Indian Ocean trade between 1200 and 1500?
a. The collapse of the Mongol Empire, which disrupted the overland trade routes.
b. Increased demand for luxury goods such as jewels, fine textiles, and precious metals.
c. The rising prosperity of Asian, European, and African states, which stimulated expansion.
d. The construction of larger ships, making shipping cargo more profitable.
e. All of the above.
23. The characteristic ship of the Arabian Sea was the
a. galley.
b. junk.
c. skow.
d. caravel.
e. dhow.
24. The largest, most technologically advanced, and most seaworthy ship in the Indian Ocean was the
a. galley.
b. junk.
c. skow.
d. dhow.
e. caravel.
25. Rather than political authorities, the different regional networks of the Indian Ocean trade were tied
together by
a. commercial interests.
b. political authority.
c. religious authority.
d. a common language.
e. the threat of Chinese intrusion.
26. By 1250 the most important trading city of the Swahili Coast was
a. Cairo.
b. Kilwa.
c. Timbuktu.
d. Casablanca.
e. Johannesburg.
27. The economic and political power of Great Zimbabwe was based on long-distance trade in
a. gold, copper, and salt.
b. silk, porcelain, and iron.
c. olives, wheat, and pepper.
d. books, wool, and wine.
e. qurans, ink, and wheat.
28. What caused the collapse of the empire of Great Zimbabwe?
a. monsoon flooding
b. conquest by Christian Ethiopians
c. deforestation and cattle overgrazing
d. prolonged drought that killed agriculture
e. The order of Sultan Muhammed ibn Tughluq that the city be abandoned
29. Why has Aden thrived commercially since ancient times?
a. favorable maritime winds
b. mutual tolerance of diverse religions
c. geostrategic location
d. favorable rainfall for drinking water
e. all of these
30. What was unique about Gujarat trade compared to African and Arabic?
a. Gujarat manufactured goods for trade
b. Gujarat required non-Hindu traders to pay a special tariff
c. Gujarat was significantly inland
d. Gujarat had artisanal guilds that dictated trade standards
e. Gujarat refused trade with the European states
31. As trade increased in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the Strait of Malacca became the center of a
political rivalry between
Java and Ceylon.
Siam and Tibet.
India and Gujarat.
Majapahit and Chinese pirates.
Calcutta and Bombay.
32. Because of the trade through the Strait of Malacca, and through astute alliances, Malacca became an
important port and
a. the focus of the annual Buddhist pilgrimage.
b. a meeting place for traders from around the Eurasian world.
c. replaced Madagascar as the most important slave-trading port.
d. became one of the most homogeneous cities in Southeast Asia.
e. became known as the "Asian Tiger."
33. The cultural blending associated with the expansion and spread of Islam from 1200 to 1500 can be seen
by examining
a. the design of mosques that combine older traditions and new influences.
b. the changes in the Quran that blend older traditions and new influences.
c. the development of double-entry bookkeeping and banking.
d. the blending of biblical and Quranic writings.
e. the development of banking.
34. In Islamic society, mosques
a. were used solely for religious worship.
b. were off-limits to Africans.
c. were used only to educate boys.
d. were centers of learning and promoted literacy.
e. went in and out of fashion.
35. Prior to the spread of literacy with the extension of Islam in sub-Saharan Africa, the only previously
literate society was found in:
a. Mali
b. Egypt
c. Morocco
d. Ethiopia
e. Tripoli
36. The spread of Islam to India promoted a new language that combined Persian and Hindi influence called
a. Arabic.
b. Urdu.
c. Tamil.
d. Bengali.
e. Sanskrit.
37. The most profitable item traded from North Africa to Timbuktu, a center for learning, was
a. gold.
b. books.
c. ink.
d. slaves.
e. oil.
38. The spread of Islam into India was different from that in Africa because
a. it allowed coexistence of indigenous religions and temples.
b. it was done largely by force and removed many Hindu and Buddhist temples.
c. Islam never really took off in India.
d. African regions converted for the sole reason of trade.
e. it was easier because there were no tribes and everyone spoke the same language.
39. The prosperity of the Asian and African kingdoms from 1200 to 1500 was accompanied by the
a. rise of science in Asia.
b. need for better transportation in Africa.
c. growth of slavery.
d. need for a bigger navy and merchant marine.
e. growth of Christianity.
40. The status of women in tropical India may have improved, based on reports that
a. sati, or widow burning, became optional.
b. the number of years of education increased.
c. women wore more gold jewelry.
d. women were able to achieve spiritual enlightenment.
e. footbinding was on the decline.
41. Which of the following was not one of the active roles or special skills that women of the tropical regions
played or contributed to their communities?
a. Important culinary skills
b. Child rearing and heavy farmwork
c. Spinning and weaving
d. Making clothing and clay pots
e. Ruling many countries
42. In India, a woman's status was determined by
a. her caste
b. her religion
c. her economic status
d. her male master
e. her marital status
43. Which of the following characterizes the Mexican organizing system called altepetl?
a. Common political building block across the region.
b. Comprised of groups of families called calpolli.
c. Controlled land allocation and tax collection.
d. Controlled religious practices.
e. All of the above.
44. Which of the following was the capital of the Aztec Empire?
a. Cuzco
b. Anasazi
c. Hopewell
d. Panama
45. Which of the following describes the Aztec tribute system?
a. Comprised of people defeated in warfare.
b. Defeated people were forced to pay a tax in the form of goods.
c. Defeated people were forced to pay a tax in the form of labor.
d. It was an essential aspect of Aztec economic power.
e. All of the above.
46. The largest and most powerful Andean empire before the Europeans arrived was the
a. Inka.
b. Mexica.
c. Olmec.
d. Aztec.
e. Anasazi.
47. What was the primary form of administrative record-keeping in the Inka Empire?
a. abacus
b. tunic
c. khipus
d. quinoa
e. cuzco