File - Mr. Rivera's History Page

advertisement
India in the
Post-Classical Era
Indian Geography

List 5 MOST SIGNIFICANT geographic
features in S. Asia
A Divided Land
Gupta
Dynasty fell in 6th
Century
–India is divided into regional
powers
–Politically divided
th
–Not united until 16 Century
A Tale of Two Lands
 India
is geographically divided
 North and South develop
differently
Northern India
King Harsha (ruled 606 – 648 CE)
 Conflict and Chaos

– Regional leaders fight over power
– Invasions are common
Islam in N. India

Umayyad Rule
– 8th Century: Sind (Indus Valley)

Muslim Traders
– Port Cities

Turkish Muslims
– Afghanistan
Sultanate of Delhi

Mahmud of Ghazni (1001 – 1027 CE)
– Afghanistan leader
– Invaded India, Destroyed Hindu and Buddhist
Sites

Sultanate of Delhi (1206 – 1526)
– Capital is Delhi
– Localized Control
– Surrounded by Hindus
Southern India
More stability in the South
 Chola Kingdom (850 – 1267 CE)

– Dominant Navy
– Rich from trade

Kingdom of Vijayanagar (1300s – 1565)
– Hindu Kingdom fell to Muslims
Agriculture
Agriculture
– Production increases in post classical era
– Increased Specialization
– Monsoons create a need for irrigation
 Monsoons
– Spring/Summer  Wet
– Fall/Winter  Dry
 Population Growth
– More Agriculture = Greater Population
– Major Trading Cities Arise (EMPORIA)

Indian Ocean Trade

Indian Economy
– Increased specialization  more trade
– Internal Trade
 Special Goods: Iron (Ganges), Copper (Deccan),
Salt (Coast), Pepper (South)

Hindu Temples
– Political, Social and Educational Centers
– Used wealth for elaborate temples
Cross Cultural Trade

Post Classical Era
– Larger Ships/Greater Commercial Organization
 Dhows (Muslims)
 Junks (Chinese)

Trading Centers
– India’s location perfect for emporia
– Cosmopolitan Cities Developed
Specialized Production

India
– Produced cotton textiles
China – Silk, Porcelain
 SE Asia – Spices, Incense, Horses
 East Africa – Gold, Ivory, Slaves

The Caste System

Adaptability
– Increasing pressures
– Subcastes
Expansion
 Order and Stability

– Consistency over time
The Spread of Islam

Merchant Communities
– Greatest acceptance

Conversion
– Gradual
– Political positions reserved for Muslims
 Some converted to escape low castes
– 1500 – 25 Million (1/4 of Population)
Sufi Mystics

Sufis
– Traveling holy men

Bhakti Movement
– 12th Century – South India
– Erase religious distinctions
– Guru Kabir

Hinduism/Islam
– Compare/Contrast
Download