Name: __________________ Period: _________________ Date: ___________________ Chapter 7 Proteins and Fats Notes (87-96) Chapter 7— Proteins and Fats (Food for Today) Read through Chapter 7 and answer the questions below as you read. 1. Please explain the structure of what a protein is made up of. 2. There are five major roles of protein explain what each role does and why it is considered the most important. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 3. Explain the process of how proteins are digested in the body. 4. The body can make most of the amino acids need for the body but cannot produce all of them. What is the name of the amino acid that the body cannot produce? 5. A complete protein has all nine amino acids, give six examples of some foods that are considered complete proteins. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 6. Read the section How much Protein do you need (page 89) and figure out how many grams of protein a person with a daily calorie intake of 2200 would need at 10% and 30% of their calories coming from protein. 1) 2) 7. Read about Fats (page 91) — Explain why some fats are easier to spot than others. 8. Read about Structure of Fats (page 92)—Explain the difference between a Saturated Fatty Acid and an Unsaturated Fatty Acid 9. Read about the LDL and HDL and explain the difference between the two. Also explain which one is considered bad cholesterol 10. Name three health problems which may occur when there is too much Trans Fats in the Diet: 1) 2) 3) 11. Teens should get ____________ to ____________ percent of their daily calories from Fat. 12. Adults should get ____________ to ____________ percent of their daily calories from Fat. 13. There are three different types of fats that we look at when talking about cholesterol, what are they called? 1) 2) 3) 14. What is the name of the chemical process of adding hydrogen to vegetables oils that will turn them into a solid? 15. What is the name of the Fatty acid that is created by Hydrogenation? And why are these fatty acids harmful to the body?