VOLCANOES VOLCANO an opening or vent in the earth’s surface where hot gases, lava and rock fragments are ejected. PHILVOLCS Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. Monitors volcanic and seismic activities in the Philippines. ACTIVE VOLCANOES erupted within historical times (within the last 600 years), accounts of these eruptions were documented by man; erupted within the last 10,000 years based on analyses of datable materials. POTENTIALLY ACTIVE VOLCANOES morphologically young-looking but with no historical records of eruption. INACTIVE VOLCANOES no record of eruptions; physical form is being changed by agents of weathering and erosion via formation of deep and long gullies. Why does the Philippines have many volcanoes? The Philippines sits on a unique tectonic setting ideal to volcano formation. The archipelago is surrounded by subducting plates as manifested by the trenches that are related to volcano formation.