Components of Curriculum and Curricular Approaches
Based on the mandate of the constitution, each school therefore should be
guided by its vision, mission and goals and its curricula should also revolve around
The school’s vision is a clear concept of what the institution would like to
become in the future. It provides the focal point or unifying element according to
which the school staff, faculty, students perform individually or collectively. It is the
guiding post around which all educational efforts including curricula should be
directed. The school’s vision can be very ambitious but that is a characteristic of a
The school’s mission statement, spells out how it intends to carry out its vision.
The mission targets to produce the kind of persons the students will become after
having been educated over a certain period of time.
Examples of vision and mission:
The DepEd Vision
We dream of Filipinos who passionately love their country and whose values
and competencies enable them to realize their full potential and contribute
meaningfully to building the nation.
As a learner-centered public institution, the Department of Education
continuously improves itself to better serve its stakeholders.
The DepEd Mission
To protect and promote the right of every Filipino to quality, equitable, culturebased, and complete basic education where:
- Students learn in a child-friendly, gender-sensitive, safe and motivating
- Teachers facilitate learning and constantly nurture every learner
- Administrators and staff, as stewards of the institution, ensure an enabling
and supportive environment for effective learning to happen
- Family, community, and other stakeholders are actively engaged and share
responsibility for developing life-long learners
In a curriculum, the goals are made simple and specific for the attainment of
each learner. These are called educational objectives. Benjamin Bloom and Robert
Mager defined educational objectives in two ways:
1. Explicit formulations of the ways in which students are expected to be changed
by the educative process, and
2. Intent communicated by statement describing a proposed change in learners.
In other words, objectives direct the change in behavior which is the ultimate
aim of learning. They provide the bases for the selection of learning content and
learning experiences. They also set the criteria against which learners will be
evaluated (Bilbao, et. al., 2008).
Activity No. 6
Get a copy of the written lesson plan in the elementary or secondary. Add this
to your portfolio. Read every detail of the lesson plan and specifically look into the
What are the objectives of the lesson plan?
What is the subject matter content?
What strategies or methods of teaching are utilized?
What evaluation procedure is used?
Do the four components fit or match with one another? Explain?
For your journal/reflection: Can you consider a lesson plan a curriculum?
Activity No. 7
Using the curriculum guide of the subject that you have, write the subject matter or
learning contents for every quarter per grade level. Explain/justify if the criteria for the
selection of learning content are met.