WWI Final

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WWI Final
1.
What nation destabilized the balance of power in Europe in the years before World War I with its increasing military and
industrial might?
A. France
B. Germany
C. Great Britain
D. Russia
2.
Which country rushed to the aid of Austria-Hungary at the onset of WWI?
A. Great Britain
B. Russia
C. France
D. Germany
3.
What was the name of the alliance that Germany formed with Italy and Austria-Hungary in 1882 to protect itself from its
neighbor France?
A. the Reinsurance Alliance
B. the Three Emperors' League
C. the Triple Alliance
D. the Triple Entente
4.
How did many Europeans react to the outbreak of war in August 1914?
A. They blamed their governments for needlessly entering into war.
B. They braced themselves for what they knew would be a long, difficult fight.
C. They organized peace marches in opposition to the war.
D. They welcomed the war with patriotic celebration.
5.
Who was Serbia's strongest ally when Austria-Hungary declared war on them in 1914?
A. Russia
B. Germany
C. the Ottoman Empire
D. Bulgaria
6.
Neutrality is the position of not favoring or supporting either side in a dispute.
A. True
B. False
7.
With the Schlieffen Plan, Germany planned to win the war by
A. building defenses on their western border.
B. quickly knocking France out of the fighting.
C. first invading and defeating Russia.
D. relying on their allies to fight for them.
8.
New military technologies used during World War I resulted in
A. a short but very destructive war.
B. fewer civilian casualties.
C. the immediate development of new offensive tactics.
D. unprecedented bloodshed.
9.
This illustration from 1908 shows the German Kaiser (left) and a figure representing Britain confronting each other during
a table game in which they maneuver miniature naval ships. Based on the cartoon and your knowledge of this period, why
might the figures be shown playing a game with miniature ships?
A. Britain and Germany used their navies to jointly protect their colonial possessions.
B. Britain engaged in unrestricted submarine warfare against German ships.
C. Germany and Britain had become rivals at sea.
D. Germany had not industrialized enough to create a modern navy.
10.
Why did the United States remain neutral when World War I first broke out?
A. American companies saw the war as an opportunity to sell supplies to both sides.
B. The United States had cultural ties to Britain, but it also had a large German-American population.
C. The United States saw the war as a purely European dispute.
D. all of the above
11.
What German tactic eventually drew the United States into World War I?
A. the bombing of American naval outposts
B. the use of submarines against merchant ships
C. the use of tanks on the Western Front
D. the use of poison gas against civilians
12.
The Treaty of Versailles signed by Germany and the Allied Powers
A. closely followed the model of Wilson's Fourteen Points.
B. granted Germany control of the Rhineland region.
C. kept German national borders the same as before the war.
D. required Germany to accept responsibility for starting the war.
13.
Why did Russia lose territory at the Paris Peace Conference, despite the fact that it had been on the winning side of
World War I?
A. Allied generals were angered by the secret agreements Russia had made with Germany.
B. Russia conceded that the Ottoman Empire should be the dominant power in the Baltic.
C. Russia's strategy to dominate the peace negotiations backfired.
D. Russia was too weak to hold on to its empire following the 1917 Revolution.
14.
Which of the following is a reason why the U.S. Senate rejected membership in the League of Nations?
A. Senators were discouraged by the previous failures of the United Nations.
B. Senators refused the League's demand to drastically reduce the size of the U.S. Navy.
C. Senators knew the League would hinder their ability to fight in the Second World War.
D. Senators feared the League's collective security requirements would draw the nation into foreign wars.
15.
Which of the following statements is true regarding the growth of nationalism in the 19th century?
A. War and conflict were often consequences of the growth of nationalism
B. Nationalism was a force for peace in the 19th century and rarely led to conflict
C. Only European nations experienced a growth in nationalism
D. Minorities were usually viewed as equal members of society in the new nations
16.
Which of the following was the spark that provided the immediate cause of World War One?
A. a political assassination in the Balkans
B. Local tensions in Russia escalating into war
C. A treaty between Russia and Austria that angered Germany
D. A confrontation between France and Italy in Africa, which led to fighting
17.
As a way to safeguard peace and to foster international cooperation following World War One, President Wilson
proposed
A. that a League of Nations be created
B. that war be outlawed as a method of diplomacy
C. an end to freedom of the seas and immediate increases in tariffs
D. that Germany and Austria-Hungary be punished economically for having caused the war.
18.
Which of the following were part of the Allied Powers?
A. Germany
B. Austria-Hungary
C. France
D. Ottoman Empire
19.
Which event during WWI happened last?
A. Russia mobilized to protect Serbia
B. Germany declared war on Russia and France
C. Italy switched sides and joined Allied Powers against Germany
D. US enters WWI after German subs sink merchant ships
20.
What document ended WWI?
A. Wilson's 14 points
B. Treaty of Versailles
C. United Nations
D. Monroe Doctrine
21.
What was the name of the alliance that Britain, France, and Russia formed in 1907 in part to combat the growing power of
Germany?
A. the Axis Powers
B. The Three Emperors Alliance
C. The Triple Entente
D. The Triple Alliance
22.
Which of these military technologies was used during World War I?
A. poison gas
B. tanks
C. machine guns
D. all of the above
23.
What was one consequence of the alliance system that developed in Europe in this period?
A. It meant that even a minor conflict might result in a war between major powers.
B. It allowed major powers to remain neutral should conflict break out in smaller nations.
C. It helped stabilize the balance of power in Europe and prevent conflict.
D. It allowed European powers to more easily control their overseas colonial possessions.
24.
What was the result of trench warfare on the Western Front?
A. Allied and German assaults proved ineffective, and fighting came to a stalemate.
B. Trenches proved to be effective defenses, and relatively few soldiers died.
C. Germany quickly defeated France, and turned its attention to Russia in the east.
D. Allied commanders quickly developed new strategies which made trench warfare obsolete.
25.
What kind of fighting force did the Germans face when they encountered the Russian army on the Eastern Front?
A. The Russian army was equal in size and skill to the German army.
B. The Russian army was huge but poorly equipped.
C. The Russian army was small but equipped with modern, sophisticated weaponry.
D. The Russian army was well prepared for war, but it performed poorly
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