Biology Chapter 7 Practice Test Multiple Choice Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. ____ 1. The work of Schleiden and Schwann can be summarized by saying that a. all plants are made of cells. b. all animals are made of cells. c. plants and animals have specialized cells. d. all plants and animals are made of cells. ____ 2. Which cell structure contains the cell’s genetic material and controls many of the cell’s activities? a. organelle b. nucleus c. cell envelope d. cytoplasm ____ 3. Cells fall into two broad categories, depending on whether they a. have a cell wall. b. contain genetic material. c. have a nucleus. d. contain chloroplasts. ____ 4. Eukaryotes usually contain a. a nucleus. b. specialized organelles. c. genetic material. d. all of the above ____ 5. Which of the following is NOT found in the nucleus? a. cytoplasm b. nucleolus c. chromatin d. DNA ____ 6. Which structures carry out cell movement? a. cytoplasm and ribosomes b. nucleolus and nucleus c. microtubules and microfilaments d. chromosomes ____ 7. Which organelle breaks down compounds into small particles that the cell can use? a. Golgi apparatus b. lysosome c. endoplasmic reticulum d. mitochondrion ____ 8. Which organelle makes proteins using coded instructions that come from the nucleus? a. Golgi apparatus b. mitochondrion c. vacuole d. ribosome ____ 9. Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use? a. chloroplast b. Golgi apparatus c. endoplasmic reticulum d. mitochondrion ____10. Which of the following is a function of the cell membrane? a. breaks down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins from foods b. stores water, salt, proteins, and carbohydrates c. keeps the cell wall in place d. regulates which materials enter and leave the cell ____11. Diffusion occurs because a. molecules constantly move and collide with one another. b. the concentration of a solution is never the same throughout a solution. c. the concentration of a solution is always the same throughout a solution. d. molecules never move or collide with one another. ____12. An animal cell that is surrounded by fresh water will burst because the osmotic pressure causes a. water to move into the cell. b. water to move out of the cell. c. solutes to move into the cell. d. solutes to move out of the cell. ____13. The cells of multicellular organisms are a. smaller than those of unicellular organisms. b. simpler than those of unicellular organisms. c. specialized to perform particular functions. d. not dependent on one another. ____14. Which of the following is an organ of the digestive system? a. stomach b. nerve tissue c. muscle cell d. epithelial tissue ____15. An organ system is a group of organs that a. are made up of similar cells. b. are made up of similar tissues. c. work together to perform a specific function. d. work together to perform all the functions in a multicellular organism.