Unit 7 Booker T. Washington W.E.B. DuBois – Talented Tenth NAACP – The Crisis Ida B. Wells - lynching Industrial Revolution – steel, rubber Robber barons Andrew Carnegie John Rockefeller Vertical & Horizontal integration Social Darwinism Inventions: Edison & Bell Knights of Labor Haymarket Square Riot Homestead Strike Pullman Strike Great Railroad Strike American Federation of Labor – Gompers New immigration vs. Old immigration James Garfield Atlanta Compromise Speech Niagara Movement Marcus Garvey – Universal Negro Improvement Association Mark Twain – Gilded Age Early auto industry Horatio Alger – Rags to Riches Gospel of Wealth Cornelius Vanderbilt Trusts, pools, holding companies, interlocking boards of directors J.P. Morgan Newport mansions Molly Maguires Open shop/closed shop Pinkertons Eugene Debs Injunction Coxey’s Army Yellow dog contracts Tenements Ellis Island nativism Louis Sullivan – skyscrapers Frank Lloyd Wright Divisions in Republican Party – Mugwumps, Stalwarts, Half-Breeds James G. Blaine – Rum, Romanism & Rebellion, Roscoe Conkling F.W. Woolworth’s Dime novels Pendleton Civil Service Act Political machines Streetcar suburbs Boss Tweed – Tammany Hall Sherman Anti-trust Act Thomas Nast Chester Arthur Grover Cleveland Dept stores – Macy’s Mail Order – Sears, Roebuck City life – Gangs of New York example Social Gospel – Walter Rauschenbusch, Hell’s Kitchen Progressive Movement – Jane Addams – Hull House Philanthropy Abner Doubleday & NCAA – rise of sports John Dewey – education contrast with Populism Jacob Riis Upton Sinclair & The Jungle Meat Inspection Act & Pure Food & Drug Act Eugenics movement Anarchism, Socialism & Communism in Progressive Era 19th Amendment Women’s Christian Temperance Union Political reforms – referendum, initiative, recall Australian (secret) ballot IWW “wobblies” Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Galveston Hurricane – city reform – city manager plan/commissioner plan Teddy Roosevelt – background & early career – Square Deal Trustbuster William Taft – more antitrust cases in one term than TR in two Election of 1912 Woodrow Wilson – background - New Freedom Chautauqua movement muckrakers Margaret Sanger Thorsten Veblen Carry Nation Charlotte Perkins Gilman Madison Grant – Passing of the Great Race Anthony Comstock Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman Women’s Rights – Alice Paul Victoria Woodhull Robert LaFollette – Wisconsin Plan Charles Evans Hughes Louis Brandeis Clayton Antitrust Act Federal Reserve System Anthracite Coal Strike Sierra Club – John Muir Conservation – National parks & wetlands Children’s Bureau Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy Federal Trade Commission Bull Moose Party 1. How did natural resources, labor, business management, capital and technology contribute to the industrial development of the United States from 1865 – 1900? 2. How did consolidation of business affect the United States economy from 18651900? 3. Compare the goals, methods, and achievements of the Nation Labor Union, the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor, and the Industrial Workers of the World. 4. What impact did industrialization have on the middle class, wage earners, and working women? 5. Compare and contrast the roles of the federal government as both promoter and regulator of U.S. industrial development from 1865-1900. 6. How did the new immigrants compare to the old immigrants? 7. How did technology, urban politics, and class divisions contribute to the development of American cities between 1865-1900?