# Chapter 7 - ECE @ TAMU ```Chapter 7
7.1.
Clock
D
Qa
Qb
Qc
7.2. The circuit in Figure 7.3 can be modified to implement an SR latch by connecting S to the Data input and
S + R to the Load input. Thus the value of S is loaded into the latch whenever either S or R is asserted.
Care must be taken to ensure that the Data signal remains stable while the Load signal is asserted.
7.3.
R
Qb
Qa
S
7.4.
S
R
Qa Qb
1
1
0/1 1/0 (no change)
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
S
Q
Clk
Q
R
7-1
7.5.
1
Q
T
100 MHz
T
Q
Q
T
Q
50 MHz
Q
Q
25 MHz
12.5 MHz
100 MHz
50 MHz
25 MHz
12.5 MHz
0 ns
10 ns
20 ns
30 ns
40 ns
50 ns
60 ns
70 ns
7.6.
S
D
R
Q
Q
Q
Q
Clock
S R
Q(t + 1)
0 0
Q(t )
0 1
0
1 0
1
1 1
0
7-2
S
Q
R
Q
7.7.
R
Q
Q
S
7.8.
J
T
Q
Q
Q
Q
K
Clock
7.9. This circuit acts as a negative-edge-triggered JK flip-flop, in which J = A, K = B, Clock = C, Q = D,
and Q = E. This circuit is found in the standard chip called 74LS107A (plus a Clear input, which is not
shown).
7-3
Chapter 8
8.1. The expressions for the inputs of the flip-flops are
D2
= Y2 = wy2 + y 1 y 2
D1
= Y1 = w ⊕ y 1 ⊕ y 2
The output equation is
z = y 1 y2
8.2. The excitation table for JK flip-flops is
Present
state
y2 y1
Flip-flop inputs
w=0
J2 K 2
J1 K 1
J2 K 2
J1 K 1
1d
0d
d0
d0
0d
d0
1d
d1
1d
0d
d1
d1
1d
d1
0d
d0
00
01
10
11
Output
w=1
z
0
0
0
1
The expressions for the inputs of the flip-flops are
J2
= y1
K2
J1
= w
= wy2 + wy 2
K1
= J1
The output equation is
z = y 1 y2
8.3. A possible state table is
Next state
Output z
Present
state
w=0
w=1
w=0
w=1
A
B
C
D
E
F
A
E
E
E
F
A
B
C
D
D
B
B
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
8-1
```