Fill in the note sheet and watch videos as you go through these slides. READ the slides and do not skip the videos. 1. The border between Iraq and Kuwait was created by Britain in 1899. Iraq was upset by this and refused to accept Kuwait’s government for many years. 2. In 1990, Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait. Within hours Iraq controlled the country, including it’s oil and Persian Gulf coastline. 3. Many parts of the world were worried that Iraq now controlled so much oil. They were also worried about the weapons Iraq might have. Go to the Student Resources page of my SchoolWires site and watch Video #1. When you finish, then you can move to the next slide. 4. In 1991, an alliance of countries led by the USA forced the Iraqis out of Kuwait. This six- week event was called the Persian Gulf War. It was also known as Operation Desert Storm. 5. Before they were forced out of Kuwait, Iraqi forces set fire to several hundred oil wells. These fires burned out of control and took months and many volunteers to help extinguish. Go to the Student Resources page of my SchoolWires site and watch Video #2. When you finish, then you can move to the next slide. Based off of what you have read and seen in the videos, answer the question at the bottom of your note sheet. Then turn to other side and continue! 6. After the Persian Gulf War, Saddam Hussein would not accept the United Nation’s terms for peace. Because of this the UN placed an embargo, or limit on trade, with Iraq. This hurt Iraq’s economy. 7. Saddam was also instructed to destroy all his weapons that could cause major destruction and allow inspectors in to make sure he was following orders. 8. After 9/11, the US suspected Iraq was also helping terrorists. 9. In 2003 the US went to war with Iraq. Saddam went into hiding, but was later arrested, tried and executed for his crimes against his people. US Soldiers pull down a statue of Saddam Hussein in Baghdad. 10. The war in Iraq ended in 2011. The country is trying to start a new democratic government and rebuild after years of war. This woman has just voted in a democratic election in Iraq! Based on what you have read and watched, answer this question on your note sheet: What factors have hurt Iraq’s economy over the last 20+ years? • Now watch video #3. This is a preview of one of the events in Iran that we will be discussing on Tuesday. • If you still have time left, read over the article on the Kuwait Oil Fires.