1. By definition, a subset of a population selected for study is a________________ 2. A characteristic whose value may change from one individual to another is a_____________ 3. The distinction between descriptive and inferential statistics is that____________ 4. According to Chebyshev's Rule, at least what percent of data is within 5 standard deviations of the mean? 5. The Empirical Rule can be used when assessing a distribution if_______________ 6. A treatment that has no active ingredients is a_______________ 7. A study cannot be an experiment if________________________ __ 8. The term used to describe the bias that occurs if some segment of a population is systematically excluded from a sample is_______ 9. The z-score and percentile are measures of_______ 10. Jane Doe and Richard Roe are law students. If their scores on the mid terms and finals in the Statistics for Law class, together with the means and standard deviations for these exams are given. What would you use to determine who did better on each test. 11. The bias that occurs because observations were not made of all individuals selected for a sample is… 12. By definition, a simple random sample is one such that… 13. The sampling frame is the… 14. An experiment is a planned intervention undertaken to observe the effects of… 15. Two variables are confounded if… 16. Randomization, as a strategy in experimental design, would be unsuccessful if… 17. Blocking would be unsuccessful if… 18. The design strategy of making multiple observations for each experimental condition is… 19. In utilizing direct control, what factors are held constant… 20. In a study of fitness, data was taken on 100 individuals. The variables measured for each person were the number of laps on a track in 15 minute trials, and their heart rate at the end of the 15 minutes. The data set is, therefore… 21. Suppose I have a set of data with 5 numbers: -6.0, -4.5, 0, 5, and an unknown 5th number. For these 5 data points, which of the statistics can NEVER be greater than zero… 22. List a variable that would yield data that would be suitable for use in a histogram… 23. 24.