Early Man Paleolithic and Neolithic Era

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Early Man

Paleolithic and

Neolithic Era

10

E A R

L

L Y

M

A

N

1 .

.

W h e r e d i i d E a r r l l y M a n o r r i i g i i n a t e f f r r o m a n d s p r e a d t t o

?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2 .

.

W h a t t w e r e t t h e c h a r r a c t e r r i i s s t t i i c s o f E a r r l l y P e o p l l e ?

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_

_ _ _

Hominids

1) ________________________________________________________

2) ________________________________________________________

3) ________________________________________________________

4) ________________________________________________________

Characteristics that Hominids share

1) _______________________________________________________

2) _______________________________________________________

Australopithecines

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

Homo Habilis

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

11

1

12

Homo Erectus

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

VS.

Neanderthals Cro-Magnons

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

________________

___________________________ __________________________

___________________________ __________________________

___________________________ __________________________

Old Stone age

= _______________ age

-People were ___________ who moved around following food

-Obtained food by ______________ and ________________

New Stone age

= _______________age (_____________ to __________)

-the beginning of _________________ and the domestication of _________________

FARMING

Led to a __________________________

Development of ____________________

13

EARLY CAVE ART

1.

2.

3.

Why is the picture on the left important to early man?

What do you believe the handprints on the right are a symbol of?

What purpose does cave art have for early humans, why was it necessary?

Neolithic Revolution Document

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The Neolithic Revolution also changed the way people lived. In place of scattered hunting communities, the farmers lived in villages.

Near groups of villages, small towns grew up, and later cities too. Thus the Neolithic Revolution made civilization itself possible. (The

Ancient Near East). Within the villages, towns and cities, it was possible for people to specialize in the sort of work they could do best.

Many stopped producing food at all, making instead tools and other goods that farmers needed, and for which they gave them food in exchange. This process of exchange led to trade and traders, and the growth of trade made it possible for people to specialize even more..

Source:

D. M.

Knox,

The Neolithic Revolution, Greenhaven

Press

1.

How did the Neolithic Revolution change how people live?

2.

3.

Instead of producing food, what did some start doing?

What is the advantage of specialization and why is it important for a civilization to grow?

The Invention of Farming

Ten years ago, someone in your clan discovered that if you plant some of the seeds that you gathered, they will grow even more food! The clan has started farming it has been very successful.

The invention of farming has made three important changes in your lives:

Permanent settlements – you now live in one place, next to your farms, rather than wander as nomads chasing down food.

Extra food – since you continued to hunt and gather, in addition to farming successfully, there is more food than your growing clan can eat.

Population increase – with less travel and more food, there are more babies and more of them survive, which means there are more people.

**For the first few years, you all worked together to farm (and do some hunting and gathering on the side) and build shelters.

Now, it is clear that you have extra food and also extra workers, and your clan faces some issues that you’ve never had to deal with before.

Read the questions first and record your personal reactions. Next, in your group of village elders, discuss your solutions

1.

You have too much food and some of it spoils before it can be eaten. There are too many people producing food. If some people do not work on producing food, what should they do? How will they eat?

Personal Reaction Village Decision

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2.

In the past, you hunted during all seasons. Now, you harvest crops in the fall and eat them all winter, when there are no animals to hunt. Some people have complained that they believe their neighbors are taking more than their share of food during the winter. What should you do?

Personal Reaction Village Decision

3.

Some people believe that the land they work on and the tools they use should belong to them – if their land produces more food, they should get more food. Are they right?

Personal Reaction Village Decision

4.

Your people are used to a small group roaming over a large land area. Now you have more people in a smaller space, and some of those people are starting to fight. One man even killed another man, and the dead man’s family wants revenge. How can you stop the killing?

Personal Reaction Village Decision

5.

Your village is thriving to the point where other villages are starting to take notice. A messenger comes from a neighboring area wishing to trade. In the last elder meeting questions were raised about whether we should open up trade with other villages or risk attacking them and taking the land for ourselves. What should we do?

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Personal Reaction Village Decision

P

PALeolithic or Neolithic?

Created “Cave Art”

Developed Agriculture

Developed Oral Language

Developed Weaving Skills

Domesticated Animals

Invented the first tools, including simple weapons

Learned how to make and use fire

Made Pottery

Lived in Clans

Nomadic

Used Advanced Tools

N

17

18

The Five Features of Civilization

Advanced Cities

-

-

Specialized

Workers

- _______________ is the development of skills needed for one specific kind of work

- Skilled workers who make goods by hands are called

_____________________

Complex

Institutions

-

-

-

Record Keeping

Advanced

Technology

- Needed to keep track of ______, ______ and ___________

-Need for ______________

- __________ were people who used writing to keep records

- _____________ (“wedge-shaped”) was created in _______ and was the ___________________

-

-

-

- ______________ refers to a time when people began using

___________ to make tools and weapons

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