Latin American Revolutions The Colonial System • Colonial governments mirrored the home governments • Catholicism had a strong influence on the development of the colonies • The major element of the economy was the mining of precious metals for export Europeans establish outposts • Europeans establish major cities as outposts of colonial authority including: • Havana • Mexico City • Lima • Sao Paulo • Buenos Aires Rigid Class Structure • Viceroys / Colonial Officers • Creoles • Mestizos Great Conquistadors from Spain Spanish Parents and born in the new world Mix of Spanish parents and Native Americans Influence of American and French Revolutions on Latin America • Slaves in Haiti rebelled, abolished slavery, and won independence. • French, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies gained independence • Father Miguel Hidalgo started the Mexican independence movement. Contributions of Toussaint L’Ouverture • The American and French Revolution had the most influence on the Haitian slave rebellion • Former Slave who led the Haitian rebellion against French • Defeated the armies of three foreign powers; Spain, France, and Britain Contributions of Simon Bolivar • Liberated the northern areas of Latin America. • Tried during the 1820s to bring regions together under a federal constitution modeled after that of the United States. The plan failed because of the differences of the Latin American peoples. • Native-born resident who led revolutionary efforts The Monroe Doctrine • Established in 1823 • The document was written by the United States and supported by the British. • James Monroe said Latin American nations should be independent. • The United States would not allow Europe to set up any new colonies in North or South America. • European interference in the Americas would be an unfriendly attitude toward the United States and lead to potential war. • The United States would regard as a threat to its own peace and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere.