The Mongols Scourge on civilization? Or a civilized group… Agenda • • • • • 1. Bell Ringer: Reading Quiz #3 2. Lecture: The Mongols (20 minutes) 3. Quick Video, Genghis Khan (17 minutes) 4. Finish Tang Dynasty Documents 5. Research and Discussion: Were the Mongols a bad thing? (30 minutes) • 6. Objectives for the Day Genghis Khan • 1206 – Becomes the leader of the Mongol Empire. • Mastery of military tactics allowed for quick ambushes. • They began to attack Northern China, but had to adapt to tactics such as the “firearrow”. The end of Song China • 1279- The Mongols Defeat Song China. – Genghis had died in 1227, but Khubilai Khan finished his work. • Prior to this they were nomadic, now they had a place to settle. • Khanates develop after Genghis Khan’s death. – Chaghadai, Samarkand, Persia/Baghdad, and Kipchak (Golden Horde). Khubilai takes Yuan China. Mongol Rule in China • The Mongols made China a militaristic dynasty. • However, the success in China was met with failure in Japan and Vietnam. – Armies couldn’t be resupplied, plus the weather… • Mongol rulers adopted the Chinese bureaucracy. – However, they remain a separate class, holding the high offices. Mongols place in History • Continue tolerant policies of Southern Song. • Encouraged Longdistance trade, reinvigorated silk road. • Pax Mongolia • They pillaged and destroyed civilizations that opposed them. • Claim that the Mongols inadvertently spread Black Death. • 33% of the population in some areas die. Discussion and Debate • You must support Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire as a positive worldwide influence. – How will you defend his actions? – What are the accomplishments of this group that make them so noteworthy in history? • You must prosecute Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire for atrocities committed. – What did they do? – How did it effect the world?