NC Regions: Land, Climate and Natural Resources Coastal Plain Land: The Coastal Plain is divided into an Inner Coastal Plain and the Outer Coastal Plain called the Tidewater. • The Eastern limit of the Coastal Plain is the Outer Banks. • Large Bodies of water known as sounds separate the Outer Banks from the mainland. • The Coastal Plain is a broad, flat region running inland. • There are numerous swamps, lakes and rivers in this region. Piedmont Land: The Piedmont rises into gently rolling hills. This region has elevations of 500 feet to 1500 feet. • Red clay soil is found in the Piedmont • The dividing line between the Piedmont and the Coastal Plain is called the fall line because the elevation between the two changes so quickly. It creates waterfalls. Mountains Land: The Appalachian Mountains are found in the western part of NC. • The mountains were named after the Apalachee, a group of Native Americans found along the Gulf Coast of Florida. • NC has the highest mountain east of the Mississippi River, Mount Mitchell. • NC has some of the oldest mountains in the world. Climate of NC • NC is near enough to the equator to have a moderate year round temperature. • The growing seasons are relatively long which has influenced farming throughout the state. • NC borders the Atlantic. The Atlantic warms the air above it which creates warm humid summers and cool damp winters. • Elevation effects climate in NC. It is much cooler in the Mountains due to the elevation. • The mountains also block bad weather from reaching us from the west. • Precipitation is distributed evenly throughout the state. • Winds have shaped the state’s coastline and made it difficult for ships to navigate. Natural Resources • The Tidelands are covered in a rich soil known as silt and the rest of the coastal plain is covered in loam. This is very rich soil which attracted early settlers who were farmers. • The Piedmont has a less fertile soil with more clay. Farms in the Piedmont seem to be smaller. • In the mountains the soil is thin and rocky. • NC is home to over 300 different rocks and minerals. • Europeans were drawn to NC because of its large forest and the abundance of wildlife. Trees are an important resource. • The state has abundant water resources . A valuable natural resource is its fishing.