Civil Rights Movement Study Guide (with answers)

Name: ___________________________ Date: _______________________ Block: _________
Civil Rights Movement Study Guide (with answers)
What were some of the effects of segregation?
 Separate educational facilities and resources for white and African American
 Separate public facilities (e.g. restrooms, drinking fountains, restaurants)
 Social isolation of races
What Supreme Court case stated that segregation was okay if it was “separate but
 Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
What Supreme Court case ordered the desegregation of schools?
 Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
What were some of the major methods used by the Civil Rights Movement?
 Organized protests
 Freedom Riders
 Sit-ins
 Marches
Who desegregated the armed forces?
 President Harry S Truman
Which leader refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white passenger and was arrested
and fined for it?
 Rosa Parks
What did the community do afterward to protest the arrest of the woman above?
 Montgomery Bus Boycott
Who believed equality for African Americans could be achieved through vocational (job)
 Booker T. Washington
Who supported full and immediate social, civil and political rights for African
 W.E.B. DuBois
Which organization was founded in 1909 and expanded during the Civil Rights
Movement to improve social and political rights for African Americans?
Which leader supported passive resistance and gave the famous “I have a dream…”
 Martin Luther King, Jr.
Which group of African American students was protected by the National Guard when
they attended a previously white-only school?
 Little Rock Nine
What is the name given for the group of protesters who rode Greyhound buses all
through the South to protest segregated travel?
 Freedom Riders
A group of college students in Greensboro, NC participated in what type of nonviolent
protest when they wanted to desegregate the lunch counter of Woolworth’s store?
 sit-in
The famous “I have a dream…” speech was given at which event?
 The March on Washington
What law abolished poll taxes and literacy taxes in order to improve voter equality?
 Voting Rights Act of 1965
What law restricted segregation of restaurants, hotels and other public facilities?
 Civil Rights Act of 1964
What disadvantages did women have in post-World War II society?
 Discrimination in hiring practices
 Lower wages than men for doing the same job
 Unequal opportunities in athletics and scholarships
Which organization was created to fight for equal rights for women in the workplace?
What proposed Amendment failed to be ratified but focused on equal opportunities in
employment and created a wider range of options and advancement for women?
 Equal Rights Amendment
What law was created to get equal opportunities in athletics for women?
 Title IX
Suggestion: Take a look through your old Reconstruction era notes 