Name: ______________________ Block ______________ Date: ________________ Unit 10: World War II Topic 4: Legacies of the War US Minorities in the War Minority units in general suffered high casualty rates and won many medals for bravery A. ______________ _____________ begin to push for ________________society and fair hiring practices. During WWII blacks served in segregated units and were assigned to non-combat roles. They demanded and got combat roles. The _________________ ____________served bravely in Europe C. _____________ ______________were not segregated and served well. B. Asian Americans were treated with distrust, but _____________ units served w/ distinction (_________ regiments). D.___________ ____________ – “Codetalkers” _____________is an oral language, not a written language, so it was impossible for the Japanese to decode. The conduct of countries during the war A. Rules: The ___________________________________- Tried to ensure the humane treatment of prisoners of war (POW) by establishing rules for nations to follow. Japan did not follow these rules and was brutal to US prisoners of war. _________________________________- US prisoners from the Philippines – thousands died. B. How a nation treats POW's often reflects the values and moral codes of a country (Japanese soldiers often ___________________________________ rather than be captured). Democracies tend to value people more so they usually treat prisoners of war better. C. Treatment may also depend on how ________________ the war is - In Europe the rules of the _________________________________ were usually followed but in the Pacific where the battles were more savage they usually were not. D. ______________________- Often wars lead to_____________________– The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group. Germany developed the ______________________________ _______________ and the______________ believed in a superior master _________ race (Blue eyed & blond hair) and sought to ____________ Germany and the world by getting rid of anyone they hated: 1. The ___________ (Hitler said they caused the ________________________ w/greedy fiscal policies - Many Jews were involved w/ banking) 2. ____________, ___________, and _______________- Genetically inferior 3. ____________________- Homosexuals, mentally ill & political dissidents (trouble makers). Not meant to live because they were physically or mentally ______________ to the Aryan race E. Results of the Holocaust ________________________________ after the war - Nazi's were convicted of ________________________(Some were put to death). Those convicted were not allowed to use “I was just following orders” as an excuse. Due the holocaust there was increased pressure for a _____________ ______________ in the Middle East (_____________) What do you feel are the most important legacies of the war that remain today? Consider topics from across the unit: America’s position in the world (isolation vs intervention), the role of government in Americans’ lives, the role and acceptance of minority groups, Americans’ willingness to sacrifice for a cause, etc. How much has America changed since WWII?