Directions: Place the following characteristics in the Venn diagram below. Caste system Eightfold Path India Tripitakas Reincarnation Polytheistic Nirvana Brahman Four Noble Truths Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva Hinduism Dharma Siddhartha Guatama Rejected Caste System Karma Moksha Atman Enlightenment Aryans Vedas and Upanishads Not Monotheistic or Polytheistic Both Buddhism Indus River Valley: Location Geography Government City Structure Along the Indus River in modern-day Pakistan and along the Ganges River. Protected from invasion by the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush, and the Indian Ocean; only invasion route is the narrow mtn. passes The Indus River Valley civilization had a very strong, central government, evident in their city structure, that functioned in the center of the city in a building called the citadel. Very organized; based on a grid system; very advanced including a sewer system, running water, and public baths; used stamps and seals to identify their goods; written records have not been deciphered. There are three possible reasons for the decline of the Indus River Valley civilization: 1. Natural disaster 2. The changing of the course of the Indus River 3. Aryan invasion When the Aryans invaded the Indus River Valley, they brought with them a rigid class structure called the caste system. Their beliefs, along with the beliefs of the Indus peoples combined to form the Religion of Hinduism. Draw a diagram of the caste system incorporating the following castes: Vaiyshas, Shudras, Brahmins, and Kshatriyas Where do the “untouchables” fit in? India also included the founding of another religion, Buddhism. Buddhism was not widely accepted at first until Asoka, leader of the Gupta Empire’s Golden Age, converted to Buddhism. In the Gupta’s Golden Age, they made many contributions including new math concepts, new textiles (fabrics), as well as many contributions in literature.