Post-Classical Survey Byzantine Empire I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. Caesaropapism: Justinian Code: Theme System: What geographic features mark the western boundary of the Sasanid Empire? Describe the geographic extent of the Islamic Empire during the Byzantine period of history. Why would Theodosia be a key city to hold on the Black Sea? What was the role of peasants in the Byzantine economy? What was the result of the free peasants decline? Describe the place Byzantium held in the trade routes of the period. What was the controversy over involving Iconoclasm? What were the issues leading to the “Great Schism” and what was the end result of the conflict? List four domestic problems or foreign threats that led to the downfall of the Byzantine Empire. Islam: The First Trans-regional Empire I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. In the 6th century all Muslim expansion started from which one city? Describe the difference between the Quran and the hadith? What roles did the Umma play in Muslim society? List the five pillars of Islam. Describe the aspects of life Sharia law affected. What leadership roles does the caliph play? Define Dar al Islam. Describe the difference between Sunni’s and Shiites. What are the three major kingdoms opposing the spread of Islam from 622 A.C.E. to 750 A.C.E.? What was the position of the Umayyad Caliphate toward non-Arabs? Explain the Dhimmis and jizya? What was the position of the Abbasid Caliphate toward non-Arabs? Describe the decline and fall of the Abbasid Caliphate. How did Arab trade affect agriculture during the Post-Classical? Describe how cultural diffusion led to the Arab maritime trade. In what ways did the Arab economy promote trade? List the major cultures Arabs would have interacted with along their trade routes? Which cultures interacted in Islamic Spain? How long did the Muslims and Christians fight over the region? Which branch of Islam took hold in North Africa? Create a flow chart showing the positions in society of pre-Islamic women, early Islamic women, and women during the height of the Caliphate.