KC+Review+-+Period+3

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Period 3 (600 CE – 1450 CE)
Name: ___Maika Belizor_______________________________________________________ Period: ____3__________
Key Concept 3.1 Expanded Trade Networks and Diffusion
SILK ROAD
Explain the significance of NEW trading cities
Baghdad was an ideal spot for transSaharan trade, Baghdad soon rival
Constantinople in both wealth and
population. The expansion of education
represented a “golden age” of learning.
Baghdad
Hangzhou
Hangzhou was the center of culture in southern
China. Trade from Russia and India brought
diversity to Hangzhou. It was a departure point
for Chinese goods to Korea, Japan, southeast
Asia, and the Indian Ocean trade network.
Define
Caravanserai
Explain the role of each money economy on this trade route
A system of credit known as flying cash
was developed. This allowed a merchant to
deposit paper money under his name in one
Paper Money
location and withdraw the same amounts
from another location.
Bills of
Exchange
A written order without interest which
binds one party to pay a fixed sum to
another party at a predetermined date in a
future.
A caravanserai were inns along trade routed where travelers could trade, rest, and replenish.
Explain the significance of the Grand Canal in promoting trade
Caravanserais supported the flow of commerce, information and people across the network of trade routes covering
Asia, North Africa and Southeast Europe, especially along the Silk Road.
Good
Silk
Porcelain
Identify key luxury goods traded along the Silk Road
Originating Location
Destination Location
China
Byzantine Empire, Kievan
rus, Islamic caliphates, and
India
China
Western Europe, Byzantine
Empire, Islamic caliphates
Cause of Demand/Uses
It use for clothes. It show
signs of high nobility.
For everyday use
TRANS-SAHARAN TRADE ROUTES
Explain the significance of NEW trading cities
Timbuktu
It became an exchange point for west African gold and north African salt. Because of the trade in
books, the city also became an important city for Islamic scholarship and education. Developed into
centers of Islamic life into the region. It became a world-renowned center of Islamic learning. By the
1500s, books created and sold in Timbuktu brought prices higher than any other goods.
Good
Slaves
gold
Identify key luxury goods traded along the Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
Originating Location
Destination Location
Cause of Demand/Uses
Western and Eastern Africa
Swahili city-states, Africa east Laborer work, military, and
coast, west Africa
household responsibility
Ghana
Middles east , Swahili citywealth
states, Swahili city-states
Africa east coast
MEDITERRANEAN SEA ROUTES
Explain the significance of NEW trading cities
Explain the role of each money economy on this trade route
A wealthy city-state in northern Italy had a
contract to transport Crusaders to the Middle
East.
Venice
Good
Olive oil
A merchant would place his wealth in the
safe keeping of a banking house which
would in turn issue a bill of credit that
could be used to purchase goods
Identify key luxury goods traded along the Mediterranean Sea
Originating Location
Destination Location
Cause of Demand/Uses
India
Everyday use
Byzantine Empire, Keivan
Rus, Islamic caliphates
Banking Houses
Arabia pensula
Cotton textile
Clothes
Byzantine Empire, Keivan
Rus, Islamic caliphates
INDIAN OCEAN MARITIME ROUTES
Explain the significance of NEW trading cities
Bustling port city for merchant in search of
spices from southern India. Foreign merchants
from Arabia and China met in Calicut to
exchange from the West to the East.
Calicut
Had bustling commercial centers
Kilwa
This city imposes taxes on ships that passed
through the Strait of Melaka. Melaka’s
prosperity was based on trade rather than
agriculture or mining.
Melaka/
Malacca
Good
Spices
Explain the role of each money economy on this trade route
Cheque/Sakk
Mufawada
Bills of
Exchange
(cha/chap)
Merchants used bills of exchange to
purchase imported goods without the
hazards of carrying an expensive medium
of exchange. The bills, which worked like
modern checks, required the existence of
two established networks, one of bankers
and another of merchants.
Identify key luxury goods traded along the Indian Ocean Maritime Routes
Originating Location
Destination Location
Cause of Demand/Uses
Indonesia & Malaysia
Food
Cotton
India
Identify the new navigational technology below
Clothes
Identify the new navigational technology below
Stern rudder
Magnetic Compass
Explain the significance of new communication and trade networks in the Americas
Mississippi River Valley
Mesoamerica
Andes
Identify how each group used environmental knowledge and technological innovations to trade over long distances
Vikings
They traveled in lights long ships that enable sailors to travel far inland
Berbers/Arabs
Central Asian Nomads
They used camels to travel far in deserts.
They use horses and yurt.
Explain the significance of diasporic communities along important trade routes
Muslim merchants in the
Indian Ocean
Calicut was city
Chinese merchants in
Southeast Asia
Jewish communities in the
Mediterranean
Explain the significance of each of the following travelers within Afro-Eurasia
Marco Polo
Ibn Battuta
Xuanzang
BANTU MIGRATION
Approximate Date of Migration
Originating Location
Evidence of Migration
Destination Location
Impact of Migration
POLYNESIAN MIGRATION
Approximate Date of Migration
Evidence of Migration
Originating Location
Destination Location
Impact of Migration
Explain how new and expanding trade routes promoted the diffusion of crops and pathogens
Bubonic Plague
Bananas in Africa
Champa rice in Asia
Islam
Define
Muhammad
Describe the key religious text
Describe each of the key concepts/moral philosophies
Quran
Hadith
Five Pillars of
Islam
Describe key Islamic sects
Sunni
Shia/Shiite
Sharia
Sufi
Identify the religious building below
Explain how different faiths influenced the development of Islam
Judaism
Christianity
Zoroastrianism
Explain the influence of military expansion on the spread of Islam
Explain the role of merchants in the spread of Islam
A) Identify the originating
location of each cultural
system
B) Color the areas that each
cultural system expanded to
during this period
Christianity
Neoconfucianism
Hinduism
Buddhism
Islam
Toltec/Mexica
Key Concept 3.2 Continuity and Innovation of State Forms and Their Interactions
BYZANTINE EMPIRE
Justinian
Corpus Juris Civilis
(Justinian’s Code)
Explain key aspects of Byzantine governance
Emperor
Bureaucracy
Describe how the Byzantine Empire was a theocracy
Explain the significance of the Great Schism of 1054
Explain the geographic significance of the city of Constantinople
Explain how each of the following affected Byzantine economic power
Plague of
Justinian
Silk
Fourth Crusade
(1204)
Identify the image below
Explain why the Fall of Constantinople (1453) marks a
turning point in world history (periodization)
SUI CHINA
Explain the political impact of the Grand Canal on China
TANG CHINA
Wu Zetian
Xuanzong
Explain key aspects of Tang governance
Imperial
Examinations
Equal Field
System
Census
Religion
Explain the role of women in Tang China
Explain the role of each religion in Tang China
Buddhism
Daoism
Islam
Identify key technological and scientific innovations during the Tang Dynasty
Engineering
Medicine
Metallurgy
Woodblock
Printing
Explain the significance of the An Lushan Rebellion
SONG CHINA
Neo-Confucianism
Explain the role of gentry class in Song China
Explain the role of joint-stock companies in Song China
Explain the significance of paper money in Song China
Explain key technological and scientific innovations during the Song Dynasty
Magnetic
Compass
Gunpowder
Movable Type
Printing
Iron
Metallurgy
ISLAMIC CALIPHATES
Umayyad
Caliphate
Abbasid Caliphate
Al-Andalus
Explain key aspects of Islamic Caliphate governance
Caliph
Umma
Dhimmi
Dar al-Islam
Explain the role of women during the Abbasid Caliphate
Explain why the Abbasid Caliphate is considered the Golden Age of Islam
Identify the cultural, scientific, and/or technological achievements of Islamic scholars
al-Khwarizmi
al-Kindi
Avicenna
Explain how the Crusades affected technological and cultural transfers
Identify the image below
Explain why the Siege of Baghdad (1253) marks a turning
point in world history (periodization)
MONGOL EMPIRE
Genghis Khan
Kublai Khan
Yuan China
Explain key aspects of Mongol society
Yassa
Yam
(route)
Religious
Tolerance
Role of
Women
Explain the impact of the Mongol Empire on Eurasia
Islamic
World
China
Kievan Rus
(Russia
Define feudalism
Define serfdom
In the diagram below, compare and contrast feudalism AND serfdom in European and Japanese societies
EUROPE
JAPAN
MAYA CIVILIZATION
Explain key aspects of Mayan society
Long Distance Trade
Human Sacrifice
Role of Women
Explain the significance of the Mayan calendar system
Explain the significance of the Popol Vuh
Identify the image below
AZTEC EMPIRE
Triple Alliance
Huitzilopochtli
Flower Wars
Explain the role of tributes in the Aztec imperial system
Explain the importance of human sacrifice in the Aztec Empire
INCA EMPIRE
Pachacuti
Explain key aspects of Incan society
Mit’a Labor
Role of
Women
Quechua
Reincarnation
Explain the significance of the Incan Road System
Identify the image below
Identify the image below
Key Concept 3.3 Economic Productivity and Consequences
Innovation
Identify key facets of agricultural innovations during the time period
Location
Description of Method
Chinampas
Waru Waru
Horse Collar
Three Field System
Explain an example of how each factor led to urban decline
Invasion
Disease
Little Ice Age
Explain an example of how each factor led to urban renewal
End of Invasions
Safe and Reliable
Transportation
Global Warming
Trends
(800 CE-1300CE)
Population Increases
Explain each type of diversified labor organization
Free Peasant Labor
Military Obligations
Nomadic Pastoralism
Guild Organization
Craft Production
Coerced Labor
Identify non-patriarchal roles of women in the societies listed
West Africa
Japan
Southeast Asia
Explain key examples of free peasant revolts in the regions listed
Byzantine Empire
China
Explain the impact of post-classical diffusion of religion on gender relations and family structure
Buddhism
Christianity
Islam
Neoconfucianism
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