Name____________________________ ROMAN REPUBLIC Period __________________________ QUESTIONS Date ____________________________ INSTRUCTIONS: READ CHAPTER 6. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS. ANSWERS MUST BE IN COMPLETE SENTENCES TO RECEIVE CREDIT. 1. Who were Romulus and Remus? 2. The story of Romulus and Remus is the story of the foundation of what city? 3. The city was built along what river? 4. In what ways do you think the city’s location was beneficial? 5. Who were the three cultural groups that inhabited and shaped the Italian peninsula? 6. Why do you think the Romans changed from having a king to creating a Republic? 7. What is a Republic? 8. Who were the Patricians? 9. Who were the Plebeians? 10. What did the Patricians say gave them authority over others? 11. Why were the Plebeians upset about the situation in Rome? 12. What did the Plebeians gain through the creation of the Twelve Tables? 13. Look at the chart on page 157. How was the Roman Republic similar to our U.S. government? 14. The Roman writers boasted that their government was balanced because it contained what three parts? 15. What was the Senate and how many Senators were there? 16. What was a dictator? 17. Why do you think Romans limited their dictators to only six month terms? 18. What are Roman legions, and what (how many) were they made up of? 19. What groups had Rome conquered by 265 BCE? 20. Besides a pledge not to make treaties with other states, what did Rome get from the areas it conquered? 21. How did Rome’s location benefit its economy? 22. Who did Rome fight in the Punic Wars? 23. Read “History Makers.”Who was Hannibal, and how successful was he against Rome? 24. How was Hannibal finally defeated?