Cells Structures and Functions 6th Grade Vocabulary Words • Nucleus • Nucleolus • Mitochondria • Golgi Complex • Ribosomes • Vacuole • Endoplasmic Reticulum Vocabulary Words (continued) • Cell Membrane • Cell Wall • Chloroplast • Chlorophyll • Cytoplasm Plant and Animal Cells Objectives • Name the organelles • that plant and animal cells have in common. State the structure and function of these organelles. Cell membrane • Semi-permeable • membrane that keeps all the materials within the cell. controls entry/exit to cell Nucleus • Control center of the • cell contains DNA Nucleolus • center of the nucleus Nucleoplasm • gel of the nucleus Cytoplasm • A thick jelly like substance in which organelles float in the cell. Mitochondria • produces energy within the cell Vacuole • storage center for food, water, waste products, etc. Lysosomes • Digest food particles, wastes, cell parts and foreign invaders. Ribosomes • The smallest • • structures in the cell creates protein often attached to rough ER Endoplasmic Reticulum • packages proteins for • • release from the cell allows travel to and from nucleus smooth and rough Golgi complex (Gogli body) • stores things needing transport out of the cell (“airport”) Plant cells • Certain structures are found only in plant cells. Large Vacuole • Stores water and other materials for the cell. Cell Wall • Provides support for • the plant Not found in animals, animals have a skeletal structure to provides support Chloroplast • Captures sunlight to make food for the cell.