Ch-2 Written communication Written Communication Intro: There are two main types of communication: oral and written. Written communication involves any type of message that makes use of the written word. Examples of written communications generally used with clients or other businesses include email, Internet websites, letters, proposals, telegrams, faxes, postcards, contracts, advertisements, brochures, and news releases. Written Communication Written communication is the most important and the most effective of any mode of business communication. Advantages and Disadvantages of Written Communication Advantages : Some advantages of written communication are: No need for personal contact - you can tell an employee he or she has to work overtime through an email instead of face-to-face. Saves money - you can send an email instead of calling long distance. Written proof - provides written proof in case of a dispute. Some disadvantages of written communication are: Delay in communication - it may take a while to get to the intended recipient. Lack of secrecy - once it's on paper, anyone can read it. Costly - if the sender and receiver are sitting next to each other, you still have to spend money on paper or Internet service. Written Communication Skills: Writing skills are an important part of communication. Good writing skills allow you to communicate your message with clarity and ease to a far larger audience than through face-to-face or telephone conversations. Effective Written Communication Skills Written communication is very common in business situations, so it's important for everyone in an organization, from the employee to the chief executive officer, to develop effective written communication skills What are eight basic technical of business written ? 1. Accuracy 2. Clarity 3. Completeness 4. Conciseness 5. Consideration 6. Courtesy 7.Logical organization 8. Positiveness 1- accuracy Accuracy is essential in business communication . the writer must have high qualitative standards . message must be checked and at time rechecked for accuracy ,correct grammar , punctuation , and spelling are very important. Why accuracy is essential in business communication? Because writing errors can be costly. 2- clarity Clearness or understandability of message . avoid abstract , ambiguous words ,exaggerated language is difficult to understand . What are concrete words ? Concrete words are that relate to tangible, real thing e.g 70 percent replied . What are abstract words ? abstract words are words that are vague and difficult to understand e.g. many . Use appropriate words Use visual aids Avoid jargon . Avoid unintentional connotation In business word short word with clear meaning are generally preferred 3- completeness Business communication should be complete and give all the necessary information . Enclosure remainder always add an enclosure remainder at the bottom of letter. 4 – conciseness : 1- avoid rambling discourses: long –winded 2- include a summary 3- avoid trite expressions 4- avoid redundancies 5- avoid long sentences and paragraphs 6- numbering paragraphs 5- consideration: Avoid I ll remarks > I ll- tempered remarks often generate hostile replies . "You " attitude : Avoid using "I" ,"We", "My" . >>> you 6 – courtesy Creating and sustaining " good will " Use courteous language / "please "," thanks" Avoid sexism Replay promptly Be tactful 7- Positiveness : Be positive : business communication should convey a feeling of confidence and positive attitude .avoid negative expressions .