Supply Chain Management Managing the between all of the parties directly and indirectly involved in the procurement of a product or raw material. Players in a Supply Chain 1. Materials flow from suppliers and their “upstream” suppliers at all levels down to you 2. Transformation of materials into semi-finished and finished products through the organization’s own production process 3. Distribution of products to customers and their “downstream” customers at all levels 4. A , from the order being made until its delivery to the customer Basic Supply Chain Management Components • Plan for that go toward meeting customer demand for products and services. • S • T products • Logistics: the • Plan for the to deliver goods and services needed. into semi-finished and finished ITs role in supply chain • Visibility and the • Modeling, simulation and various forecasting tools to combine information from various sources to figure out what is needed (or might be needed) when. • E faster at a lower cost – Communication and successful supply chain allows everyone to react for a • Key Element: quickly flowing from one entity or stage to another one (both upstream and downstream) Global Inventory Management Systems • Let you locate and track items moving through your supply chain. – Lets you know Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Uses a in a tag or label to back and forth between an object and a receiving device. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oAvQcYcvyaw http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eob532iEpqk http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Zj7txoDxbE Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) – Can be used to inventory, inventory and product . – Pay at toll road plazas. – Purchase products without standing in line (just walk past a scanner with the product). – Pr – Manufacturing –B tracking and – KSU uses RFID in the parking garage to track customers and customer types ( customers, to areas, , including length of stay) – US passports now have RFID chips containing information about the passport holder. RFID RFID Architecture Information Technology and Supply Chain Management • Advances in information technology have made it possible to bring to life the idea of a truly integrated the supply chain. – The key is to have as close to throughout the entire supply chain as possible. • I can see and you can see – Real-time flow of accurate information with minimal time lags (communication is key) • An organization needs to select its SC strategy and then IT can be used to implement and enhance that strategy. • RFID is one of the technologies used in supply chain management.