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Elements of a Story

Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story.

Diagram of Plot

Climax

Introduction

/ Exposition

Setting, characters,

Resolution

Putting It All Together

1. Exposition

2. Rising Action

Beginning of

Story

Middle of Story

3. Climax

4. Falling Action

5. Resolution

End of Story

Setting

Time and place or where the action occurs

Details that describe setting:

Scenery

Customs

Transportation

Clothing

Dialects

Weather

Time of day/year

The Functions of a

Setting

To create a mood

To show a reader a different way of life

To make action seem more realistic

To increase the conflict or struggle

To symbolize an idea

Characters

The person, animals, and things in the story

Dynamic

under goes important changes

Static-

remains the same throughout the story

Characters

Protagonis

t

and

antagonist

The

protagonist

- the main character; the one with whom the reader identifies.

The

antagonist

is the force in opposition of the protagonist

Conflict

Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. Without conflict, there is no plot.

Internal

–character is facing a conflict within him/herself

External -outside factor

Types of External Conflict

Character vs Character

Character vs Nature

Character vs Society

Point of View

First Person Point of View

- uses the pronouns “I” and “me”. Narrator is in the story

Third Person Point of View

- an outside narrator is telling the story; uses the pronouns “he”, “she”, “they”

Types of Third-Person

Point of View

Third-Person Limited

Third-Person Omniscient

The narrator knows the

The narrator knows the thoughts and feeling of thoughts and feelings

ALL the characters in a of only ONE character story.

in a story.

Objective Point of View-

The narrator does not reveal anyone one character’s thoughts/feeling

Literary Terms

Mood

is the feeling that the author tries to convey throughout the story.

Tone

-expresses the write/author’s attitude toward his/her subject

Imagery

- words and phrase that appeal to the five senses . Feel –sight-smell-taste-sound

Irony

- when one thing is expected to happen but something else happens

Special Techniques used in a Story

Suspense

- excitement, tension, curiosity

Foreshadowing

- hint or clue about what will happen in story

Flashback

- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past

Symbolism

– use of specific objects or images to represent ideas

Personification

– when you make a thing, idea or animal do something only humans do

Simile

–using like or as to compare two things

Metaphor

–a comparison not using like or as

Theme

theme

is the message about life that the write shares with the reader

Theme-moral-message-lesson

What is this story telling me about how life works, or how people behave?

Any questions?

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