The Birth of a New Republic – 1800) (1776 Meeting 3

Matakuliah : G0862/American Culture and Society
: 2007
The Birth of a New Republic
(1776 – 1800)
Meeting 3
The Birth of a Nation
Manifest Destiny: Westward Ho
American Landscape: George Caleb Bingham
Salad Bowl or Melting Pot?
The Birth of a Nation
The main cause of the Revolutionary War:
American view that they were entitled to the full
democratic rights of Englishmen, while the
British view that the American colonies were just
colonies to be used and exploited in whatever
way best suited the Great Britain.
The Revolutionary War
When in the Course of human events, it
becomes necessary for one people to dissolve
the political bands which have connected them
with another, and to assume among the powers
of the earth, the separate and equal station to
which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God
entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of
mankind requires that they should declare the
causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are
created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator
with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are
Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to
secure these rights, Governments are instituted among
Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the
governed, --That whenever any Form of Government
becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the
People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new
Government, laying its foundation on such principles and
organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall
seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
Manifest Destiny
Daniel Boone
Is the frontiersman who led settlers across the Appalachian Mountains and into
the land that later became Kentucky and Tennessee. Born in Pennsylvania in
1734, his family moved to North Carolina when he was a boy.
Boone and others were hired by a land company to mark a trail through the
Cumberland Gap in 1775. This became the famous Wilderness Road, running
from Virginia into Kentucky. He established Fort Boonesborough later that year
on the Kentucky River, and brought over his wife and daughter.
Efforts to settle the area, however, were marked by trouble with Indians. Boone
himself was captured at one point and adopted as a son by a Shawnee chief,
but escaped in time to warn settlers in Boonesborough of a planned attack by
the Indians and British. (By this time, 1778, the American Revolution was on.)
In spite of his exploits and land claims, Boone never became rich. He worked
for a time as a surveyor, and later moved to Missouri. By the time he died in
1823, however, his fame as a frontiersman had spread worldwide.
American Landscape
American Landscape
Salad Bowl or Melting Pot