Rebellion in China Taiping Rebellion 1851-1865 Who was involved? Chinese rebels v. foreigners What was the cause? Antiforeign feelings What was the result? rebellion crushed by foreigners ; 50 million died; 1/3 of China was devastated Hundred Days of Reform 1898 Wanted to preserve ` Confucianism, but introduce modern technology - built factories, improved war technology, sent students abroad to study Reforms were opposed by Empress Ci Xi (Empress Dowager), the emperor’s widow Boxer Rebellion 1851-65 Who was involved? Chinese rebels v. foreigners What was the cause? Antiforeign feelings What was the result? rebellion crushed by foreigners; China forced to allow foreign troops in Revolution of 1911 1911-1912 Who was involved? Nationalists v. Qing Dynasty What was the cause? Government corruption and desire to overthrow foreign dynasty (anti-foreign feelings) What was the result? Qing Dynasty overthrown; Sun Yat-sen became president; Emperor Pu Yi allowed to stay in Forbidden City (Last Emperor of China) Common Cause of Rebellion in China People wanted foreigners out of China – Europeans and Manchu; they were sick of being controlled by outsiders China’s President and his Three Principles of the People President Sun Yat-Sen “Three Principles of the People” nationalism (strong feelings for one’s country) democracy (people participating in government) livelihood (jobs) How was Rebellion of 1911 NOT Successful? New leaders turned westward but the people failed to change Sun Yat-sen overthrown after only 2 years Warlords control countryside Civil War begins - Nationalists & Communists competed for control of China vs. Civil War 1929-1949 Who was involved? Nationalists v. Communists What was the cause? Nationalists wanted to eliminate the Communists What was the result? Communists defended themselves during Long March and pushed Nationalists out Nationalist Party Leader: Chiang Kai Shek Beliefs: Promoted Three Principles of the People Tried to remove the Communists from China Capitalist Wanted foreigners out of China Chiang Kai Shek Communist Party Leader: Mao Zedong Beliefs: Wanted to improve economy for the poor Wanted to defeat Nationalists Established People’s Republic of China Communist Wanted foreigners out of China Mao Zedong What was the only belief the Nationalists and Communists had in common? Get the foreigners out of China!