From Lenin to Stalin LENIN IN POWER I. War Communism A. Command Economy – Government plans everything i. Quotas – minimum amounts to be produced ii. Quotas fail…people starve iii. You weren’t allowed to sell your excess crops because under communism people cannot own anything B. One-party legislature – Communist Party controls everything C. Country renamed Soviet Union (later called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or USSR) D. Secret Police and Red Army enforce party's will II. Lenin's New Economic Policy (NEP) A. Allowed for some private ownership B. Retreat from war communism III. Lenin's Death A. Trotsky v. Stalin B. Lenin's view – He wanted Trotsky C. Importance of General Secretary position - Stalin used this position to bribe Communist Party members and make sure that the party was stacked with people loyal to him. They then voted for him after Lenin died. STALIN IN POWER I. Stalin's Five-Year Plan (1928-1933) A. Industrialization in 5 years - goal B. Command economy again 1. High quotas = poor quality 2. Poor planning = shortages C. Agriculture 1. New farm machinery 2. Collectives – Stalin formed large farms that were owned and operated by peasants as a group a. Peasants protest – they wanted their own land b. De-kulakization - Millions of kulaks (wealthier peasants) were arrested and taken from their homes for protesting collectives c. Famine: 5-8 million die in Ukraine alone II. Great Purge (1934-1938) – Stalin removed all threats to his power. Almost 2 million people arrested; almost 700,000 killed. III. Foreign Policy A. Comintern (Communist International) – Goal was to spread revolution around the world. B. Foreign reaction was very negative as Stalin tried to get involved in other countries’ affairs.