Name: _____________________ Date: _____________ period: ______ Life Science Book 2 Test Study Guide Define the following vocabulary words: 1. Dominant allele 2. Recessive allele 3. Phenotype 4. Genotype 5. Homozygous 6. Heterozygous 7. Allele 8. Chromosome 9. Nucleotide base 10. Sex chromosome 11. Mutation 12. Genetic variation 13. Natural selection 14. Passive transport 14. Hypothesis 16. Eukaryotic cells 17. Prokaryotic cells Explain the function of the following cell structures: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Nucleus Chloroplast Mitochondria Cell membrane Ribosomes Vacuoles Lysosome 1. Which is the correct gene combination for the parents shown in the diagram? 2. The table below shows the traits and allele for cats. Two cats were bred (their genotypes are below); which one of the following choices is true of the phenotypes of the offspring? a. b. c. d. All of the offspring will have black fur All of the offspring will have white fur All of the offspring will have long- haired fur All of the offspring will have short-haired fur 3. The above sequence of DNA is part of a gene. What is the complimentary strand, or other half, of the DNA that pairs to this sequence? 4. The type of mutation show to the right is: a. b. c. d. an addition a substitution a deletion none of the above 5. Based on the beaks of these four birds how many different food sources do you think are on the island? Use evidence to support your reasoning 6. What was Rosalind Franklin’s contribution to the discovery of DNA?