The authors are indebted to James Dewar (RAND), Davis Bobrow
(University of Pittsburgh), Thomas McNaugher (RAND), Jeffrey Legro
(University of Virginia), and Al Goldman (National Ground Intelligence Center) for reviewing an earlier version of this report. Their
insightful comments have greatly improved this study. The authors
also wish to thank the following personnel, either currently or formerly with the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence
(DCSINT), for their interest and support in the course of the project:
COL Jan Karcz, COL Nicholas Szasz, Eric Kraemer, William Speer,
Eric Vardac. Among RAND staff, Jeremy Shapiro was particularly
helpful in the course of the project. Jerry Sollinger’s advice improved
the organization of this report, and Nikki Shacklett edited.