Pre - Harvest Factors that Affect Quality of Melons:

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Pre-Harvest Factors that
Affect Quality of Melons:
Calcium
UV Reflective Mulch
Jorge M. Fonseca
December 3, 2003
Western Vegetable Quality
SUMMARY
Overview General Information
Fall 2003 Experience: Yuma
Calcium
UV Reflective Mulch
MUSKMELON QUALITY
Firms, well netted, well formed
USDA grade 1: 8% Sugar (10 Brix best)
~15 days shelf life at 36-41 oF.
4.4-2.6 lbs
Strong orange for most muskmelon cv.
High levels of Vit. C and B carotene
QUALITY AT HARVEST
QUALITY AT HARVEST
Last two weeks are critical
Good leaf condition (no disease)
Good supply of Mg
No excessive irrigation or rainfall
Harvested at one-half to full slip
CALCIUM: BACKGROUND
Work of Gene Lester
Four applications AA-Ca chelate or
Mannitol-Ca complex
Honeydew: Fruit firmness increased,
same Brix
Cantaloupes: Same firmness and Brix.
Firmness was higher during storage
CALCIUM FACTOR
Essential in cell division and elongation
Fruit Growth!
Primary building block for cell wall
Exchange balance of other nutrients
Decrease permeability to Sodium
st
1
Study: Yuma-Fall 03
Four applications after flowering
Quality: At harvest, fresh cuts
Gold
Express
Impac
Effect of Calcium on Quality
Treatments
CaCl2: 0, 30, 60 mM
(CaNo3)2: 0, 30,60 mM
NaCl: 0, 50, 100 mM (solution)
Nutri-Cal
CAN-17
Effect of Calcium Application on
Soluble Solids ---Gold Express
14
o
Brix
13
12
11
10
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Effect of Calcium Application on
Diameter and Resistance to
Penetration ---cv. Gold Express
No differences*
Effect of Calcium Application on
Yield---Gold Express
140
Yield ( lbs)
130
120
110
100
90
80
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Effect of Calcium Application on
Juice Leakage of Fresh Cuts, 5 d
after processing---Gold Express
Ju i c e l e a k a g e ( m l / k g )
30
0% NaCl
25
20
15
CAN 17
10
5
0
1
2
Nutrical
3
4
5
6
7
CaCl 30
8
9
10
11
CaCl 60
12
13
14
CaNO3 30
15
16
17
CaNO3 60
18
FUTURE WORK
Environment Effect
Other Interactions:
Titanium
Humic Acid
More on Fresh Cuts and other melons
UV REFLECTIVE MULCH
UV REFLECTIVE MULCH:
Effect on No. of Fruits
Effect of UV Reflective
Mulch on Number of Fruits
in Muskmelon Plants
No. Fruits / 10 plants
24
LSD = 0.998
22
20
18
16
Reflective
Control
OTHER WORKS
Hymenopteran insects were found
more in reflective mulch (Pereira et
al., 2000).
Higher CO2 fixation (Ito et al., 1996)
100% increase in cantaloupe yield
(Stapleton and Summer, 2000).
UV REFLECTIVE MULCH
The effect of Reflective Mulching on yield
LSD= 3.32
60
50
Weight
(Lbs/10
plants)
40
30
20
10
0
Mulch
Control
UV REFLECTIVE MULCH
The effect of Reflective Mulching on fruit
weight
LSD= 0.15
2.8
2.7
2.6
Weight 2.5
(Lbs/fruit) 2.4
2.3
2.2
2.1
Mulch
Control
UV REFLECTIVE MULCH
The effect of Jasmonic acid applied before
transplanting on early flowering
2.5
No. Flowers
after 9 d
transpl.
(in 10
plants)
2
Jasmonic
No-Jasmonic
1.5
1
0.5
0
Mulch
No-Mulch
FUTURE WORK
Confirm 1st year results
Evaluate effect on shelf life
Evaluate water usage
Western Vegetable Quality
http://cals.arizona.edu/crops/vegetables/
WestVeg News: Electronic Newsletter
[email protected] ag.arizona.edu
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