The Fall of Vicksburg North could not use Mississippi River w/o capturing Vicksburg. Vicksburg sat on cliff high above the river, where Confederates used cannons on Union boats. Ulysses S. Grant devises a plan to march inland, and surprise the Confederates. The Fall of Vicksburg Cont’d… For over 6 weeks, Grants forces lay siege (military blockade) to Vicksburg. Food supplies ran out, and on July 4, 1863, the Confederates surrendered at Vicksburg. Union Victory at Gettysburg Gen. Lee of Confederacy moved his army north into Pennsylvania. Hoped for surprise attack in 3 day battle of Gettysburg Day 2: July 2nd- Confederate attack fails/ heavy casualties Day 3: July 3rd- Pickett’s Charge- General Pickett lead 15,000 men in a death march towards the center of the Union line. Quotes from Gettysburg Union Soldier, “Men fire into each other’s faces not five feet apart. There are bayonet thrusts, saber strokes, pistol shots, men going down on their hands and knees…gulping blood, falling legless, armless, headless.” Gen. Lee after Pickett’s Charge, “It’s all my fault” South Surrenders Union began a drive to capture Richmond in May 1864. Both sides lost many men. The Union could replace men & supplies, the South could not. Grant takes Petersburg and Richmond, on April 2nd 1865. Lee surrenders at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865.