ANCIENT NUBIA, KUSH, AND MEROE By: Mason Randall and Jordan Toller • Prince Taharaka of Nubia • Crowned king of Nubia and Egypt • Archaeologists have found jewelry, pottery, and weapons • Located south of Egypt • Friendly neighbors • Skilled archer; hired for Egypt’s armies • Rich of gold, copper, and iron ore • Called the “Land of the Bow” • Kush or Cush • Upstream from the 1st cataract • Located in Northern Sudan or South Nubia • Developed after 1000 B.C. • 750 B.C. : a Cushite king named Kashta conquered Upper Egypt • 1720 B.C.: Asian nomads called the Hyksos invaded Egypt destroying the Middle Kingdom and forts along the Nile • Three major cities: Meroe, Kerma, and Napata • Miners for minerals and high-quality stones • After Napata fell from being the capital, Meroe was the capital • Flourished between 800 BCE and 350 CE • Settled in 890 BCE; the year the oldest tomb discovered • Meroe and Egypt won’t the best of neighbors. • Overlook rolling grasslands and fertile fields • Walked by Great Stone Rams to the Temple of Amon, located in the center of the city • The people lived in rectangular houses or huts • Royalty lived in great palaces • Farmers • Officials, who collected taxes • Craftsmen, who made basketry, carpentry, metalwork, and pottery • Soldiers • Engineers, who plan irrigation systems • C350: The traditional theory is that the kingdom is destroyed during an attack by Ezana of the Ethiopian kingdom of Axum • Quell of the rebellion in the lands In conclusion, Nubia, Kush, and Meroe were important to the early civilization history along with Egypt’s history.