River Valley Review Sheet

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Name: __________________________________
Mrs. Nessler
Date
Test Review
Directions: Use the information from all of the River Valley unit to complete the following review sheet.
DEFINE/IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING WORDS:
 City-State – An area of land with its own government and laws
 Fertile Crescent – Fertile piece of land shaped like a crescent
 Cuneiform – Wedge shaped writing in Sumer
 Hammurabi – King of Babylon that wrote Hammurabi’s Code
 Hieroglyphics – Pictorial writing used in Egypt
 Mary Leakey – Discovered that human origins began in Eastern Africa
 Nomadic – Move from place to place in search of food
 Sedentary – Settle in one place, grow food and domesticate animals
 Paleolithic Age – Old stone age (colder weather)
 Neolithic Revolution – New stone age (warmer weather)
 Urban Planning – Planning a city on a precise grid system
 Oracle Bones – Way the Shang dynasty was able to predict the future
GENERAL QUESTIONS:
 List three reasons it’s important to settle near a river
1. Fertile Soil – Grow food
2. Irrigation
3. Trade and transportation
 List three reasons writing systems are important
1. Record keeping
2. Communicating
3. Keeping Information
 List three facts you remember about human origins
1. Began in Eastern Africa
2. Mary Leakey discovers this
3. Lucy was the oldest hominid found to prove this
 List three facts you remember about the Paleolithic Age
1. Weather is colder – Can’t grow food
2. People were nomadic
3. People were know as hunter and gatherers
 List three facts you remember about the Neolithic Revolution
1. Warmer weather - Can grow food
2. Domestication of animals
3. Food surplus – civilizations begin to merge
 List the 2 important rivers in Mesopotamia
1. Tigris
2. Euphrates
 List the 2 nicknames for Mesopotamia
1. Fertile Crescent and Land between two rivers
2. Cradle of Civilization
 List the three important city-states within Mesopotamia
1. Babylon
2. Sumer
3. Uruk
 List three facts you remember about Sumer
1. Cuneiform
2. Wedge Shaped Writing
3. Were able to communicate and keep records
 List three reasons why writing systems are important
1. Record keeping
2. Communication
3. Recording history
 List three facts you remember about Babylon
1. Hammurabi’s Code
2. King Hammurabi
3. City-state in Mesopotamia
 List three reasons why Hammurabi’s Code is important
1. Written laws
2. Kept order in society
3. Showed social classes in Mesopotamia
 Are there social classes in Mesopotamia? How do you know?
1. Yes – Hammurabi’s code makes laws different for commoners, peasants
and the rich.
 List three geographic features that surround the Egyptian Civilization
1. Nile River
2. The Sahara Desert
3. Mountains toward the bottom part of the civilization
 List three reasons why hieroglyphics is important
1. Record keeping
2. Recording history
3. Communication
 List three facts you remember about the Egyptian Civilization
1. Pharaohs
2. Mummification
3. Nile River was Egypt’s gift
 Are there social classes in Egypt? How do you know?
1. Yes… because they had pharaohs, slaves and commoners
 List the two rivers in the Indus River Valley Civilization
1. Indus River
2. Ganges River
 List three geographic features you remember about the Indus River Valley
1. 2 Rivers
2. Himalaya Mountains
3. Monsoons
 List the two main cities in the Indus River Valley Civilization
1. Harappa
2. Mohenjo-Daro
 List three achievements of the Indus River Valley Civilization
1. Urban Planning
2. Planning on a grid system
3. Plumbing
 Were there social classes in the Indus River Valley Civilization? How do you know?
1. No, there are no artifacts that indicate it.
 List the two rivers in Shang China
1. Huang He (yellow river)
2. Yangtze
 List three geographic features you remember from Shang China
1. Two rivers
2. Himalaya Mountains
3. Deserts
 List three achievements of Shang China
1. Oracle Bones
2. Silk
3. Bronze Weapons
 List two other civilizations Chinese writing can be compared to.
1. Cuneiform
2. Hieroglyphics
Identify the following River Valley Civilizations on the following map:
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