rd 9 Weeks Exam Review

US History Review
3rd 9 Weeks
World War II, Cold War & Civil Rights
Timeline of WWII
1. Japanese forces launch a surprise attack
against the naval base at Pearl Harbor
2. Allied forces launch the D-Day invasion of
3. Vice President Harry S Truman becomes
president after Franklin Roosevelt's death
4. The United States uses the atomic bomb on
Flying Tigers
• The Flying Tigers are
considered patriotic
because they were former
pilots of the U.S. Armed
Forces who voluntarily
flew with the Chinese Air
Force to resist Japanese
The Holocaust
• There was a widespread persecution of
Jews in the Holocaust because the Nazi’s
believed that the Jews were racially
New Technologies
• President Truman
used the atomic
bomb on Japan
forcing them to
surrender to the
United States.
Effects of WWII
• The US was able to change its economy to a
wartime economy which helped us beat the
Axis Powers.
• After WWII the United States became the
first superpower and the most powerful
nation in the world.
The Cold War
• The Cold was rivalry between the Soviet
Union & the United States. The US feared
that communism would make it’s way into
the US.
Berlin Airlift
• During 1948-1949 the US was
sending supplies into communist
East Germany.
Urban to Suburban
• After WWII many
Americans moved away
from the cities into the
suburban area.
• This lead to an increase
in traffic and a
decrease in the
available green open
Baby Boom
• After WWII the population increased because
of the soldiers that returned from the war.
• This new population is known as the Baby
The G.I. Bill
• The G.I. Bill gave our veterans funds that they
could use on education, a new home and to
invest in a business venture.
Korean War
• The US got involved in the
Korean War because they
wanted to help fight off the
communist North.
Plessy v. Ferguson
• The Plessy v. Ferguson court case
allowed for public facilities to
segregate racial groups.
Civil Rights
• The Civil Rights Era is
characterized by social
changes that were achieved
by using non violent methods.
Political Leaders
• George Wallace, Orval Faubus, and Lester
Maddox were all supporters of racial
Rosa Parks
• When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat
to a white man on the bus & was arrested for
it, this incident sparked the Civil Rights
• Martin Luther King’s response to her arrest
turned him into a spokesmen for the civil
rights movement.
United Farm Workers
• The United Farm Workers organized
boycotts as an effort to expand
economic opportunities for their
Expansion of the Democratic Process
• The following laws The Voting
Rights Act of 1965, 13th, 14th, 15th,
19th & the 24th Amendment have
helped expand the right to vote to
women and minorities.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
• The Civil Rights Act of 1964
focused on ending discrimination
in the workplace.
• Sports programs were integrated which
allowed men like Jackie Robinson & Ernie
Davis to thrive in sports.
Impact of the Civil Rights Movement
• The civil rights movement led to an
increase in participation of women and
minorities in politics.
• Programs like the Great Society
programs, affirmative action, and Title
IX legislation were made to help expand
economic opportunities for women and