Lines of latitude and longitude are a grid of imaginary lines that cross the Earth. These lines help us to find exact locations on the Earths surface. Why do you think latitude and longitude are important? Lines of latitude run around the earth from East to West, parallel to the equator. The equator is an imaginary line that runs around the center of the earth from East to West. (like the Earth’s belt) Lines of longitude run around the earth from North to South. These lines are not parallel and will intersect at the north and south poles. The prime meridian is considered the center line in dealing with Longitude. The Earth is divided into four hemispheres. The equator divides the earth into North and South hemispheres The prime meridian divides the earth into East and West hemispheres. Every location on Earth will be located in exactly two hemispheres. Which hemispheres are we in? Latitude and longitude are expressed using coordinates. Coordinates are two numbers expressed in degrees (⁰). Example: 40⁰N, 30⁰W is read as 40 degrees North, 30 degrees West Things to remember… Latitude always comes first Longitude always comes last Now Let’s Practice!