BIOLOGY September 20, 2011 Ms. O/Phelt 1 Table of Contents Date Lecture/ Activity/ Lab 9/1 9/2 9/6 9/12 9/13 9/16 9/16 9/19 9/20 Biomolecules Weekly Reflection Journal Check Organic Compounds Lab Enzyme Lab Microscope Basics Microscope Parts and Labeling Cell Rotation Station Lab Comparing Cells and Function Page Grad 20 – 21 22 – 23 24 – 28 30 – 33 34 – 35 36 38 – 39 40 – 43 Tuesday – Sept. 20, 2011 “IN” Objective: What is a function of the Through note-taking and a cell membrane in ALL cells? group index card activity, I will compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells as well as the functions of their structures “OUT” Message Board: Complete Index Card What we will do Today • Comparing Cells and Function • Cell City Analogy Comparing Cells and Function VOCABULARY • Prokaryotic Cells – Cells that contain no nucleus – Example: Eubacteria and Archaebacteria Example Prokaryotes Bacteria Colony Staphylococcus VOCABULARY • Eukaryotic Cells – Cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles – Examples: Protists, Fungi, Plants, Animals Example Eukaryotes Fungus Amoeba Animal Cell Parts – Page 42 Form Function Cell Wall • Support, protection, helps cell maintain shape Centriole • Assist in cell division Chloroplasts • Captures sunlight to make food for the plant Chromatin • Genetic material (as it appears during interphase) Chromosome • Genetic material (as it appears during cell division) Cilia • Moves fluid over a cell Cell Parts – Page 42 Form Function Cytosol (cytoplasm) • Fills space between organelles; contains materials needed by the organelles Cytoskeleton • Helps give shape to the cell involved in movement Flagellum • Helps move cell through fluid Golgi Body • Modifies and packages materials created in the cell for transport (inside or outside of the cell) Lysosome • Breakdown materials in the cell Cell Parts – Page 42 & 43 Form: Function: Microvilli • Absorption and secretion Mitochondrion • Converts sugars to ATP (useable energy) for the cell Nuclear membrane • Barrier between nuclear material and cytoplasmic material Nucleolus • Makes ribosomes Nucleus •Directs cells activities, contains the genetic material (DNA) of the cell Cell Parts – Page 43 Form: Function: Plasma membrane • Barrier between cell and environment, allows materials to pass into and out of cell, maintains biological balance Ribosome • Produce protein Rough ER • ER with ribosomes, helps transport newly made proteins to Golgi Body (endoplasmic reticulum) Smooth ER (endoplasmic reticulum) • Makes lipids Cell Parts – Page 43 Form: Function: Vacuole •Stores materials (water) inside the cell Vesicle • Stores substances inside cell Index Cards Index Card Examples • Your group will be assigned 3 – 4 cell structures • On the front of the index card: – Give the name of the structure – Description of structure – Drawing of structure • On the back – Give the name of the structure • Yes, this is not a mistake…do it again! – List the functions of the structures Front of Card Back of Card Tuesday – Sept. 20, 2011 “IN” Objective: What is a function of the cell membrane in all Through note-taking and a cells? cell analogy activity, I will demonstrate how cell structures relate to function “OUT” Four of six kingdoms are comprised (made) of organisms that contain eukaryotic cells. Which structures in a cell would give you the best evidence that a cell is eukaryotic? Homework: Complete Index Card!