Growth and Expansion CHAPTER 10 I.Industrial Revolution A. CHANGE; B. New England’s geographical location 1. Why New England? C. Eli Whitney and Interchangeable Parts 1. Define: II. Factory System A. Define: B. Cities began to grow quickly? III. Lowell “ ” A. Average “mill girl” was between yrs. old 1. Most stayed no more than 5 years. a. B. Reasons for working 1. 2. 3. C. Graphic, p. 305 Moving West (Trans-Appalachian Frontier) ( ) I.Heroes of the Frontier A.Davy Crockett 1. 2. B. Daniel Boone 1. C. Natty Bumppo 1. Created by author James Fenimore Cooper 2. Inspired thousands – “that band of pioneers…opening the way for the march of the nation across the continent” D.How are these stories and heroes important to U.S. History? II. Population Center A. By 1820, new states included IN, IL, OH, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana B. Why did people move? 1. 2. 3. C. What is the population Center? 1. Location in US where there is equal # of people N, S, E, W II. Population Center A. By 1820—new states included: B. Why did people move? 1. 2. 3. C. What is the Population Center? D. According to the 2000 Census…. 1. ALL states grew during the 1990s a. immigrants; why are they hard to measure? b. births surpassing deaths 2. the West grew the fastest of any region a. 1.Outsourcing: 2.Downsizing: III. Settling the West A. Jefferson’s Land Ordinance of 1785 1. established very clear boundaries using longitude and latitude, NOT trees or other natural markers a. why important? B. Schools (Northwest Ordinance of 1787) and churches established 1. Reminder: government has no involvement with churches a. Monroe Doctrine I.James Monroe becomes president in 1816. A.Negotiations with Spain added ( ) and the Oregon country 1.U.S. now extended to Pacific Ocean B.Monroe Doctrine 1.Noncolonization: American continents CLOSED to future European colonization efforts a. 2.Nonintervention: U.S. would not interfere with internal problems of European countries a. 3.Emphasized the New World was SEPARATE from the Old World a. 4.U.S. won respect of Europe through bold efforts a. b.