New Kingdom Pharaohs chart 1

Complete using pgs. 102-103 in textbook and page 21 in Milliken
New Kingdom Pharaohs
Ahmose I
 mid-1500sBCE
declared himself pharaoh
 from city of Thebes
 drove Hyksos out of Egypt
 Used Hyksos weapons
 Ruled from 1503-1482 BCE
Thutmose III
 Became pharaoh after
mysterious death of Hatshepsut
 Married to Thutmose II
 Dressed as a man
 Declared herself king
Ruled from 1391-1353 BCE
 Great-grandson of
 Vandalized (defaced)
monuments built by Hatshepsut
 Egypt reached it’s high point
under Amenhotep III
 Launched 17 military
 Increased Egypt’s Trade
1. Punt
Thutmose III
 Constructed magnificent
palaces and temples at
o Sent traders to
 Begins Egypt’s 18th Dynasty
Amenhotep III
 Conquered:
2. Asia Minor
1. Syria
3. Greece
2. Canaan
Karnak and Luxor
 Had great statues carved
along the Nile River
 Remembered for building
many temples
and monuments
o Example: Obelisk
Extended empire to the
Euphrates River
 Statues were images of
Amenhotep III
o Stood 70 feet tall
Complete using pgs. 102-103, 107, 112-113 in textbook, page 21 in Milliken, page 2.05 in World History
New Kingdom Pharaohs
Amenhotep IV
Changed Egyptian religion from
polytheistic (worshipping many gods) to
monotheistic (worshipping only one god)
(King Tut)
Ramses II
 Son of Akhenaten
 Ruled from 1290 to 1224 BCE
 Became pharaoh around age 9
 Fought the Hittites from Asia Minor,
o Died around age 18
 Egyptians had to worship Aten
o Sun god and creator of the universe
o Aten worship ends when
Akhenaten dies
(Ramses the Great)
neither side could win
o Resulted in world’s first peace treaty
 Changed Egypt’s religion back to
Reconquered Canaan
Defended Egypt from the Tehenu
o Priests and people could pray to
many gods
o Built a series of forts to prevent
 Married to Queen Nefertiti
 1922 archaeologist Howard Carter
future invasion
discovered Tut’s tomb
 Builds city of Akhetaten
 Tomb was not disturbed by treasure
hunters or tomb robbers
 Built the city of Pi-Ramses (means “house of
Egypt loses control of Syria and Canaan under
his leadership
 Tomb was filled with treasures, including:
1. Boxes of jewelry
 Known as a great warrior and great builder
o Built temples at:
2. Robes
1. Karnak
3. Burial mask (made of gold)
2. Luxor
4. Ivory statues
3. Abu Simbel
 King Tut’s treasures taught us much about
Egyptian burial practices and beliefs