Do Now Look up the word communism and write out what it means in 2 sentences. Explain how this is different than our capitalist society. DO NOW 20 Mar. 2014 1. This hour is a silent hour. 2. If you talk you will have your focus card signed and receive a zero for the day. 3. On a piece of paper, write an argumentative claim based only on facts from Bowling for Columbine. 4. List three facts below support it. 5. Beneath that, explain the bias Michael Moore had in the film. 6. Turn it in to the in box and be prepared for instructions. SSR-March 20, 2014 • Directions: 1. Grab my article from the front table. 2. Read “Historical BackgroundAnimal Farm.” 3. You have 15 minutes. SSR-March 20, 2014 Animal Farm-Historical Background • DIRECTIONS-Restate and respond to the following questions and question stems. 1. Summarize what Karl Marx is known for (refer to paragraph 1). Capitalists are . According to Marx, the only way to establish justice is . Explain how Lenin & Trotsky impacted Russia. How did Trotsky and Stalin differ in their beliefs for Russia? Russia changed under Stalin in the following ways: Extension: Instead of Communism remaining as the form of government in Russia, under Stalin’s rule there came about . Hand in to In Box. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 7. Animal Farm By George Orwell …is an ALLEGORY of the Russian Revolution Allegory: a literary work that has hidden meaning beneath the literal meaning of the story, poem, or play. • Allegory usually relies heavily on symbolism to teach a lesson or explain an idea. • The characters in an allegory often stand for abstract ideas or concepts. Dystopia: A very flawed world Utopia: A perfect world The Romanovs Small group of elite, wealthy people that controlled Russia for 300 years The economy was changing… • Industrial Revolution • Creation of the Middle Class • Food Shortages/Inflation • Years of Mistreatment of Lower Class 1. Collective Ownership/Means of Production 2. All People Are Equal 3. “Religion is the Opiate of the Masses” 4. The State Must Crumble/All Bourgeoisies are enemies 5. All people work to their own ability 1917- Czar Nicholas II was overthrown by THE Intelligencia and THE BOLSHEVIKS…after a short period…put forth a leader Vladimir Ilych Lenin… • Sadly our team has seen some bad days this week: – Fighting – Stealing – Tattling about students – Tattling about teachers – Harassment – Bullying – Immature responses to lessons, movies, etc. • I ask you to THINK like a high schooler before you act. Let’s enjoy the rest of the year instead of suffering through it. All land was taken by the Government and given to Proletariats (working man) Every man, woman, and child worked for their own food and materials. The wealthy were either exiled or their wealth was taken and distributed back to the people. 1. THE SECRET POLICE: CHEKA 2. THE REDS vs THE WHITES • OPPOSED TO SUCH REVOLUTIONARY TACTICS • SOUGHT TO FREE THE CAPTIVE CZAR AND HIS FAMILY BEFORE THEY COULD BE FREED ALL wealthy should be killed at all costs. Secret police began attacking and killing the wealthy and all farmers that refused to hand over property COMMUNISTS vs. COMMUNIST INTERNATIONALE RUSSIA IN CIVIL WAR RED ARMY (COMMUNISTS)TROTSKY WHITE ARMY (TRADITIONALISTS) The GOLERO, the first-ever Soviet project for national economic recovery and development. He was very concerned about creating a free universal health care system for all, the rights of women, and teaching the illiterate Russian people to read and write. INCREASES SECRET POLICE JOINS COMMUNIST INTERNATIONALE FIVE YEAR PLANS MODERNIZED BUT LOST LIVES BANNED ALL INTELLECTUAL/IDEALISM STARTED WORK CAMPS GULOG: PRISON CAMPS STALIN WAS SO Paranoid HE… • FORCED PEOPLE TO CONFESS TO CRIMES • EXILED TROTSKY/OTHER LEADERS • KILLED ALL ARMY GENERALS • MYTHOLOGIZED HIMSELF • CONTROLLED THE MEDIA • FOLLOWERS BELIEVED HE WAS HELPING • Hitler AND STALIN ARE ALLIES • HITLER TURNS ON STALIN • AND ATTACKS RUSSIA • ENGLAND SENDS BACKUP • STALIN DEFEATS GERMANY… Czar Nicholas II – poor leader; cruel, sometimes brutal with opponents; sometimes kind – hired students as spies to make money Karl Marx – invented Communism; “workers of the world unite” and take over government; dies before Russian Revolution Leon Trotsky – other leader of “October Revolution”; pure communist – followed Marx; wanted to improve life for all in Russia; chased away by Lenin’s KGB Joseph Stalin – “devil genius”; not a good speaker, not educated like Trotsky; twenty-five year reign of fear in Russia Media designed to influence public opinion on a social or political issue, often by appealing to fear or prejudice • • • • Word Games False Connections Special Appeals Logical Fallacies Name calling: - links a person or idea to a negative symbol - hope that audience will reject the person or idea based on the symbol rather than available evidence - most obvious kind involves bad names - more subtle involves words that possess a negative or emotional charge -anything come to mind? Glittering generalities: - make the audience approve and accept without examining the evidence - Using emotionally charged words - Make something unpleasant seem more acceptable The Glittering Generality is, in short, Name Calling in reverse. While Name Calling seeks to make us form a judgment to reject and condemn without examining the evidence, the Glittering Generality device seeks to make us approve and accept without examining the evidence. Transfer: - Using things people accept to get the public to accept something else - symbols constantly used - an idea or program should not be accepted or rejected simply because it has been linked to a symbol/something else Testimonial: - misuse in citing individuals who are not qualified to make judgments about a particular issue Example: In my last movie, I saved my family from terrorists and I'm supporting this party because they will save you from terrorists! • Plain folks: speakers attempt to convince their audience that they, and their ideas, are“of the people” • Band wagon: False sense of a rush to join something that doesn’t truly exist “everyone else is doing it, and so should you” Fear: - warn audience that disaster will result if they don’t follow a particular course of action Four elements for a successful fear campaign: 1. Threat 2. Specific recommendation of how to behave 3. Perception that recommendation will reduce threat 4. Perception that the audience is capable to performing the behavior Bad logic: - logic is the process of drawing a conclusion from one or more ideas/facts - propagandists intentionally manipulate logic in order to promote their cause Unwarranted extrapolation: - extrapolation is a tendency to make huge predictions about the future on the basis of a few facts - such predictions often form the basis for an effective fear-appeal • You should be aware of the message the media sends to you and how they do it. • In Animal Farm, you should be aware of the messages the animals are being given by the pigs, how the pigs are giving the messages, and how the animals are responding to the messages. DO NOW Explain what type of propaganda this is and, most importantly, why it fits in that category. Do Now 4/6/11 • What is Squealer’s role at the end of chapter 3? What is he doing when he goes to talk with the other animals? You might have to look back at the text to truly understand what he is doing.